Note - Paul
wrote that the Jerusalem that then was, was in bondage with her children,
but that the New Jerusalem which was above, "is free, which is
the mother of us all." (Galatians 4:25, 26) This is the
new mother into whom we are called, It is the true "mother"
church. With its registry in heaven, it assembles upon earth in different
places. The revelation in the New Testament is that the visible church
met primarily in homes, Aquila and Pricilla had a church in their house.
(Romans 16:5; 1 Corinthians 16:19) One, Nymphas, as well as Philemon,
had churches in their homes. ( Colossians 4:15: Philemon 2) It
appears in Epheses, when Paul was no longer permitted to speak in the
synagogue, he "separated the disciples" and these met in the
assembly room of "the school of Tyrannus." (Acts 19:9)
It must not be forgotten that the outpouring of the Holy Spirit took
place in an "upper room" where the followers of Christ assembled.
(Acts 1:13) The meeting place for the church at Troas must have
been a similar room. (Acts 20:9)
The house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar
and the ground of the truth.
Note - The
supreme purpose of the church is to be the pillar of the truth as it
is in Jesus. (Ephesians 4:21 ) Since Jesus is the way, the truth,
and the life (John 14:6), His church, His house - the "new"
Israel of God - will reflect that way, that truth, and that life. To
depart from truth is to apostatize from Christ, and this in turn necessitates
a separation from assemblies where apostasy is taught, even as Paul
"separated the disciples" in Ephesus from the apostate synagogue
Section #2 --
ENTRANCE INTO THE HOUSE
p 62 -- I
Corinthians 12:13 -- For by one Spirit
are we all baptized into one body.
For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
Note - Baptism,
by water and the Spirit, is the door into the House or Church of Christ.
This experience, if genuine, usually occurs at the same time, as in
the case of Jesus at His baptism.
Then cometh Jesus unto John, to be baptized of him. But John
forbade Him . . .And Jesus answering said unto him, suffer it to be
so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfill all righteousness ... And
Jesus, when He was baptized went up straightway out of the water: and
lo, the heavens were opened unto Him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending
... upon Him.
Note - There are
three points in this account of the baptism of Jesus we need
to Note: 1)
Immediately following His baptism by water, as He prayed on the bank
of the Jordan (Luke 3:21), the Holy Spirit came upon Jesus.
In this single operation, "all righteousness" was fulfilled.
Jesus, in setting before man an example, showed that by water the sins
of the past were figuratively washed away, and that for the future a
man was to receive the Holy Spirit as a guide into all the paths of
righteousness. What more is required? 3)
Jesus declared - "It behoveth us to fulfill all righteousness."
The symbolism and significance of baptism is not complete unless we
understand the place of the one performing the ceremony, as it relates
to the one being baptized. This last concept will be better understood
as we study the next text. TOP
Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus were baptized
into His death? Therefore we are buried with Him by baptism into death:
that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the
Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
Note - In
baptism, we are to be planted together in the likeness of the death
of Jesus. Baptism is a burial, and a resurrection in symbolism. In this
symbolism, two persons are required, even as Jesus told John - "It
becometh us to fulfill all righteousness." The candidate
yields himself into the hands of the attendant, even as Christ yielded
Himself unto the Father; and then as God called Jesus forth from the
tomb, so the attendant lifts the candidate from the watery grave to
walk in newness of life. That walk is not to be by our power, but by
the power of the Spirit of God. Any form of baptism which destroys this
portrayal fails to set forth the true meaning of this rite given to
us by Jesus. (sprinkling, infant baptism, etc.)
The eunuch said, See here is water; what doth hinder me to be
baptized? And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou
mayest ... And they went down both into the water, both Philip
and the eunuch, and he baptized him.
Note - In
this baptism, we have the details Note - d carefully. First,
there was the desire on the part of the candidate. Secondly,
a knowledge of Scripture that produced an intelligent surrender of the
whole life; and thirdly, a confession of that belief. This was
followed by baptism in which both went down into the water.
Section #3 --
CEREMONIES OF THE HOUSE
p 63 -- John
13:3-5, 12-17 --
Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands
... He riseth from supper ... took a towel and girded Himself. After
that He poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples'
feet ... So after He washed their feet ... He said unto them, Know ye
what I have done unto you? ... If I then, your Lord and Master have
washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet. For I have
given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you.
Note - The
service of humility precedes the communion service. Jesus arose
from the passover supper (John 13:1), and performed the duty
of a servant. He states that in so doing, He has given us an example.
In the process of washing the disciples feet, Jesus told Peter, "If
I wash thee not, thou hast no part with Me." (John 13:8)
It is in the communion of the bread and the wine that we partake of
Christ's body and life. If not preceded by this ceremony, the other
is taken in vain - "Thou hast no part with Me."
For I have received of the Lord ... that the Lord Jesus the same night
in which He was betrayed took bread: and when He had given thanks, He
brake it, and said, Take eat: this is my body which is broken for you:
this do in remembrance of Me. After the same manner also He took the
cup ... saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye,
as oft as ye drink it, -in remembrance of Me. For as often as ye eat
this bread and drink this cup, ye do shew forth the Lord's death till
Note - There
is no time set for the frequency of this service. The injunction is
"as often as ye" do it. The Communion service took the place
of the passover, which was celebrated once a year. While the service
may be celebrated more often, none should neglect participating at least
once a year in a renewal of his covenant with God. TOP
Section #4 --
SUPPORT OF FAITHFUL HOUSEHOLD SERVANTS
9:13-14 -- Do ye not know that they which
minister about holy things live of the things of the temple ... Even
So hath the Lord ordained that they which preach the gospel should live
of the gospel.
Note - Paul
here draws a comparison between the support of the ministers in the
house of Moses, and those who preach the good news of the House of Christ.
He declares that the Lord has ordained the same method of support. Those
who share spiritual blessings in return receive back physical benefits
from those thus blessed.
27: 30 --
And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land,
or of the fruit of the tree, is the Lord's: it is holy unto the Lord.
18:21 -- I
have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel ... for their
service which they serve, even the service of the tabernacle of the
Note - The
tithe is "holy unto the Lord." It was designated for the ministry
of those who served in the tabernacle of the congregation. This included
the Levite who cleaned the court to the High Priest who could enter
the Most Holy Place. All full time service for the Lord was to be remunerated
from the tithe. This is the example cited by Paul for service rendered
in the house of Christ. The tithe is to cover the proclamation of the
gospel, and those who proclaim it.
p 64 -- Malachi
Will a man rob God? Ye say, Wherein have we robbed Thee? In tithe and
offerings. Ye are cursed with a curse; for ye have robbed Me ... Bring
ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine
house, and prove Me now herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if I will
not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing.
Note - The
objective in bringing the tithe "into the storehouse" is that
"there may be meat [food] in mine house." This is not merely
to provide food for those who minister in sacred things, but the ministers
are to bring forth from the Word of God, that which is food for the
souls of those to
whom they minister. Beyond the tithe are also offerings from the nine-tenths
which God permits us to call our own. We pay our tithe because we owe
this. But we give our offerings which reflect our appreciation of what
He so willingly provided for us in the sacrifice of the Cross of Calvary.
Who then is a faithful and wise servant ... over his[lord's] household,
to give them meat in due season? Blessed is that servant, whom his lord
... shall find so doing.
Note - It
would be sheer folly to place one's tithe toward the support of those
servants who feed the house of Christ contaminated [apostate] food.
Then there are professed servants who serve the household food which
appears appetizing but devoid of the nutriments of eternal life.
To furnish tithe for this kind of food would be equally as dangerous.
We, individually, have a responsibility to see that our tithe and offerings
support that which is "meat in due season." TOP
Section #5 --
OF THE HOUSE OF CHRIST
14:12 -- Here is the patience of the saints:
here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.
Note - We
have heard the expression -"the communion of saints," or the
fellowship of the household of God. Here in the book of Revelation we
have revealed the characteristics of the saints who compose "the
house of Christ" or His body. They keep the commandments of God
and the faith of Jesus. It was Jesus who proclaimed the Law of the Council
of God from Mount Sinai. It was Jesus who came and lived the life of
God before men. He manifested a living faith, that though He had accepted
the weaknesses and nature of fallen humanity, God was able to keep Him
from falling. This same allegiance to God, and faith in Him will be
manifest by His "saints" as they partake of the Bread of Heaven
sent forth to feed the needs of mankind.
Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ,
hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both
the Father and the Son.
10:16 -- Other
sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and
they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one
Note - The
doctrine or teaching of Christ - the voice of Jesus - brings unity to
the household of faith. By abiding in the doctrine of Christ, we have
both the Father and the Son, which Jesus declared to be life eternal.
p 65 -- Lesson
#12 -- QUIZ
1. -- The Bible speaks of two houses, the house
of ____ and the house of ____.
2. -- In the New Testament the church is spoken
of as the household of ____; the ____ of Israel; and the body of ____.
3. -- The Church is to be the ____ and the ____
of the truth.
4. -- The apostolic church met in ____, and in
____ rooms. They cared little for this world, because their names were
____ in ____.
5. -- The entrance into the house of Christ is
by ____ in the ____ and in the ____.
6. -- Baptism, properly conducted, represents
the ____, ____, and ____ - ____ of Jesus Christ.
7. -- The ceremonies of the Church which relate
to the communion service are three: the service of ____; the communion
of the _____, and the communion of the ____. TOP
8. -- The Divine basis for the support of the
ministry of the house of Christ is through ____ and offerings. The tithe
is ____ unto the Lord, and represents one ____ of our increase. To default
in our tithes brings a ____ but to pay our tithes
and offerings brings a ____.
9. -- The purpose of the tithe is to provide
____ for the household of God. Faithful servants provide "meat
in ____ _____ " for the members of God's household.
10. -- To have the doctrine of Christ is to have
both the ____ and the ____.
11. -- The marks of the saints who compose the
true house of Christ are: 1) They keep the ____ of God, and 2),
They keep the ___ of Jesus.
12. -- Unity will be achieved among the professed
people of God, when each and all are willing to ____ the ____ of Jesus.
66 -- I
4:3, 7 -- For this is the will of God, even your sanctification
. . .For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness.
5:23 -- And
the very God of peace sanctify you wholly: and I pray God your whole
spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our
Lord Jesus Christ.
Note - Many
conceive of sanctification as something related only to the spiritual
life. However, Bible sanctification takes in the whole man - mentally,
spiritually, and physically. The total man is to be preserved blameless
unto the coming of Jesus Christ. Why is God interested in the body of
man as well as the spiritual perceptions of a man? Observe the following
What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit
which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? For
ye are bought with a price; therefore glorify God in your body, and
in your spirit, which are God's.
Note - When
Christ came to redeem us, He did not die for our spiritual nature alone,
but purchased our bodies as well for a dwelling place of His Spirit.
We, therefore, are not our own, and when we yield our lives to Him,
He intends that by sanctification - the act of being set apart our habits,
our dress, our all will reflect, not our vanity but His character.
I beseech you ... that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy,
acceptable unto God. ... And be not conformed to this world: but be
ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what
is ... [the] perfect will of God. TOP
Note - Here
Paul again presents the three aspects of the whole man. He indicates
that harmony with God's purposes involves a ladder of progression. Our
bodies are to be a "living sacrifice;" in other words, there
is to be a denial of self. In our habits of life, conduct, dress, eating,
and drinking, the world's standards are not our criteria. To
understand this, our minds must be renewed. We are to see things differently.
With our bodies freed from the customs of the world, and our minds renewed
to see things as God sees them, then we can prove (understand) the will
of God for us. The emphasis will not be on sanctification per se,
but on the objective to be realized, an understanding of God, and a
daily fellowship with Him as His child.
Section #2 --
-- Now ye are clean through the word which I have
spoken unto you.
John 8:31-32 -- If ye continue
in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed; and ye shall know the truth,
and the truth shall make you free.
Note - Freedom
from the fanciful ideas of man; freedom from the vain traditions and
commandments of men can come only through a knowledge of TRUTH. Jesus
has declared truth to be the Word of God. He prayed - "Sanctify
them through thy truth: thy word is truth." (John 17:17)
That word is to be found in our Bibles. But if we do not study them
daily, what good do we receive by mere
p 67 -- profession
of that Word? Through the study of the Bible, our spiritual perceptions
can be sanctified wholly; and in our beliefs, we can be blameless before
Section #3 --
MIND OF MAN
2:5 -- Let this mind be in you, which
was also in Christ Jesus.
Thou has loved righteousness, and hated iniquity.
Note - Our
mental attitudes must reflect the same concepts which Jesus had. He
loved, but He also hated. A "negative" attitude is not wrong
when applied in the right perspective. It will produce "positive"
results. The proper use of hatred can be a virtue. We are to hate evil,
iniquity, even the devil himself and all that he stands for. We cannot
take a condoning and condescending attitude toward that which is wrong.
We must take a bold stand - hatred of all iniquity in whatever guise
it appears. Only in this way can we be sure to keep away from it. If
a child hates a certain item of food, how successful is a parent to
get that child to eat it? If as a child of God, I hate sin, how successful
will the enemy be in getting me to commit sin? On the other hand, if
I love righteousness, how difficult will it be to perform?
4:8 -- Finally
brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest,
whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things
are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue,
and if there be any praise, think on these things.
Note - Here
is a list of checks and balances by which to govern that which comes
into the mind. It definitely excludes movies produced in Hollywood style
no matter where they are shown. Books of fiction, since they are not
true, are not found on a Christian's reading list. This verse can also
serve as a guide to regulate what we listen to on the radio, see on
television, and read in the newspapers.
Section #4 --
BODY OF MAN
10:31 -- Whether therefore ye eat or drink,
or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.
Note - The
things we eat, the things we drink, the things we do, must be such as
to glorify God: and not distract from Him, Whom we profess to serve.
We shall therefore Note - carefully what the Bible says about food,
drink, and conduct as it pertains to one professing godliness.
20:1 -- Wine
is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby
is not wise.
Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may
follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them
... Therefore hath hell enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without
Note - The
downfall of nations in past ages, besides the ruin of individuals, was
due in a great measure to the drinking habits of rulers and people.
This same evil is still present today. Many believe that moderation
in the use of light "spirits, " such as beer, will produce
no harm. But anything that will impair one's rational judgment, and
lead one to do, say, or act contrary to the glory of God is sin!
p 68 -- Isaiah
Wherefore do ye spend your money for that which is not bread? and your
labor for that which satisfieth not? Hearken diligently unto Me, and
eat that which is good.
Note - There
are things that we drink that have no food value, but which produce
harmful effects on the body. Such is the use of tea, coffee, and soft
drinks containing caffeine. Caffeine supplied by the free and common
use of these drinks, is one of the most destructive of the known causes
of cardiovascular disease. "Tea,
in addition to caffeine, has another harmful constituent, tannic acid,
which has a pronounced astringent effect upon the digestive organs.
This action is detrimental to digestion as it retards the circulation
in the area it touches." (The New Dietetics)
66: 15-17 --
For, behold the Lord will come with fire ... and the slain of the Lord
will be many. They that sanctify themselves ... eating swine's flesh,
and abomination, and the mouse, shall be consumed together, saith the
Note - In
the matter of eating the unclean foods, we may assume that this will
not effect our sanctification, but in our diet we must meet the Divine
outline. Further, the differentiation between the clean and the unclean,
according to this text, is still in effect from God's viewpoint, at
the second coming of Jesus. It did not cease at the Cross.
3:16-17 margin -- Know ye not that ye are the
temple of God ... If any man destroy the temple of God, him shall God
Note - One
of the most deadly habits today, involving both men and women, is the
habit of smoking. Medical research has established beyond the realm
of doubt, that smoking is a cause for lung cancer. If I, therefore,
continue to indulge a habit that destroys my body, God will require
me to give an account, for my body has been purchased by the blood of
Jesus on Calvary.
2:9-10 -- In
like manner also, let women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with
shamefacedness and sobriety; not with broided hair, or gold, or pearls,
or costly array; but (which becometh women professing godliness) with
Note - The
phrase - "with shamefacedness and sobriety" - in the Greek
expresses the thought of a restraint in adornment which reflects a sound
mind. In other words, the face and the apparel should reveal an inward
character based on true godliness. Godliness is simply - God-like-ness.
The additives so often used on the face, or in the hair fail to reveal
the godliness, God requires. Also much modern apparel cannot by any
stretch of the dictionary meaning of the word, be classified as modest.
3:3-5 -- Whose
adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, or
the wearing of gold, or putting on of apparel; but let it be the hidden
man of the heart ... For after this manner in the old time the holy
women also, who trusted in God, adorned themselves.
Note - Peter
sets forth that the Now Testament regulations on dress for women is
the same as the dress standards of the holy women of Old Testament times.
By contrast to the standards of the "holy women," Isaiah describes
certain "daughters of Zion" who have departed from the simple
dress God intended. In his list of the vanities worn by those who left
the simple mode of dress are rings, earrings, bracelets, and other ornaments.
Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world.
For all that is in the world ... is not of the Father.
69 -- Note - There are things which we do for relaxation
and recreation. There must be a diversion from the "grind"
of life. The Christian seeks to discern between that which tends to
destroy his appreciation for the things of God, and that which encourages
him in the onward march to the kingdom of God. Dancing, card-playing,
pool, billiards, and various other types of games of a similar nature
are not in keeping with the goals of a Christian seeking sanctification.
On the other hand, there are many things - hobbies, nature excursions,
and simple games - which Christians can do, and enjoy doing. In fact
witnessing to the truth can be made the highest type of "routine
I pray not that Thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that
Thou shouldest keep them from the evil [which is in the world]. They
are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.
Note - In
this high priestly prayer, Jesus summarizes the whole purpose and objective
of Bible sanctification. We are living here in the world, but we do
not partake of the things of the world. Jesus came into this world,
but the world knew that He was not like them. He came as the light of
the world, and so we should be in this generation. But, it we do as
they do, eat as they eat, drink as they drink, dress as they dress,
will there be any difference between us and the world? By our fruits
we shall be known. It is the outward appearance of the tree - the fruit
it bears - that tells what kind of a tree it is.
Giving thanks unto the Father ... who hath delivered us from
the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of His
Note - The
phrase - "hath translated us" - deNote - s something which
has been accomplished into which we have now entered. As followers of
the Son of God, we have a citizenship in the kingdom which is above.
As citizens of that kingdom, we should represent it in all that we do.
While living in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, following World War II, I
became aware of a group of people from Eastern Europe known as "D.
P.'s - Displaced Persons. They were different in their habits of life,
in their dress, and in their mannerisms. They reflected their "fatherland"!
Having met some of them, I said to myself - "I am a D.P.; my home
is in heaven." Then I asked myself. "Do people, when they
meet me, talk with me, visit me, see in my life that I am not of this
Lesson #13 --
1. -- God's desire for us is that we should be
____. This includes the whole ____.
2. -- A knowledge of ____ frees us from vain
traditions leading to the sanctification of our ____ perceptions.
3. -- We are to have the mind of Christ, who
____ righteousness and ____ iniquity.
4. -- List three common drinks which contain
caffeine: 1) ____; 2) ____; and 3) ____.
5. -- In the Bible, God classifies the eating
of pork with the eating of ____. Give the text:
____ ____:____ - ____.
6. -- What one word should characterize all
of our dress? ____. TOP
p 70 --
7. -- The principle that governs the Christian
in his recreational pursuits is stated by John in these words - "____
not the ____ , neither the things in the ____
; for all that is in the ____ is not of the ____.
8. -- Jesus did not pray that we should be separated
from society, but that we be kept from all the ____ which permeates
the social world.
9. -- When an individual becomes a true Christian,
and submits his life and plans wholly to God, he becomes a ____ ____
as far as this world is concerned.
10. -- The great objective of God upon which
all sanctification is built is the fact that having
been bought with a price, our bodies are to be the ____ of the Holy
Section #1 --
The Diet of Man
-- Behold I have given you every herb, bearing
seed ... and every tree, in which is the fruit of the tree yielding
seed; to you it shall be for meat [food].
Note - In
the purity of Eden, God gave to man for his diet, . grains, fruits and
3:18 -- Thou
shalt eat the herb of the field.
Note - After sin
entered the world. God added herbs of the field to the diet of man.
This would include vegetables and other leafy plants which aid man in
the maintenance of body health. The Edenic diet, with the added herbs,
constituted the divinely appointed regimen for the first 1600 years
of human history.
is 9:3-4 --
Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat [food] for you;
even as the green herb I have given you all things. But flesh with the
life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.
Note - After
the flood, with the vegetation largely destroyed. God permitted man
the use of the flesh of animals for food. . . In doing so, He prohibited
the use of blood. The blood was to be removed before it was to be eaten.
With this change in diet came also a change in the life span of man.
Before the flood, one man lived to be 969 years of age. (Genesis
5:27) By the time of Terah, father of Abraham, the life span had
been shortened to 205 years. (Genesis 11:32) TOP
11:2-3, 9 --
These are the beasts which ye shall eat among all the beasts that are
on the earth. Whatsoever parteth the hoof, and is cloven footed, and
cheweth the cud, among the beasts, that shall ye eat . . .These shall
ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales
in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them shall ye eat.
Note - In
the call of the children of Israel from Egypt, God designed that they
should be a holy people unto Himself. (Exodus 19:5-6) In setting
them apart, He restricted their diet to the clean animals only. The
distinction between clean and unclean was known at the time of the flood.
p 71 -- Leviticus
7: 23, 26 --
Ye shall eat no manner of fat, of ox, or of sheep, or of goat
... Moreover ye shall eat no manner of blood, whether it be of fowl
or of beast, in any of your dwellings.
Note - Besides
restricting the diet in the matter of flesh to that of clean animals,
God also prohibited the use of animal fat and blood, even though it
be from the clean animals. This diet with the above prohibitions, continued
through the rest of the time covered in the Bible.
For it seemed good to the Holy Spirit, and to us ... that ye abstain
from meats [foods] offered to idols, and from blood, and from things
strangled, and from fornication.
Note - In
the decision of the first Christian Church Council, the prohibition
that God placed upon Israel relative to the use of blood was confirmed,
with the affirmation of the Holy Spirit. To this was added the prohibition
of all foods offered to idols.
14: 6-7 --
And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the
everlasting gospel ... saying ... Worship Him that made heaven, and
earth, and the sea, and the fountains of water.
Note - In
the final message that God gives to the world is the call to return
to the God who "made."
Our attention is
directed back to creation. As one studies the record of that first perfect
existence, he comes face to face with the original diet of man. While
the Bible plainly permits the use of the flesh of clean animals for
food, it also sets before man the ideal in diet. As man responds to
the call to return to the Creator-God, his dietary goal will be to achieve
as closely as possible, the original plan. TOP
Section #2 --
-- Him that is weak in the faith receive ye
... For one believeth that he may eat all things: another, who is weak,
Note - The
Apostolic Church had problems over diet. This is evidenced that at the
first Council, three-fourths of the actions taken involved dietary items.
The same subject was agitated in the church at Corinth. (I Cor. 8)
In Paul's counsel to that church regarding food offered to idols, he
wrote - "Take heed lest by any means this liberty of yours become
a stumblingblock to them that are weak." (Verse 9) Then
he added how he personally would respond in conduct - "If meat
(food) make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh while the world
standeth, lest make my brother to offend." (Verse 13) Paul
operated from the principle that if one should cause a weak brother
to stumble and be lost by his example, then in reality he had sinned
against Christ. (verses 11-12) The same problem evidently existed
at Rome. How did he address it?
Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? To his own master he
standeth or falleth.
Note - Paul
here uses the master-servant relationship, but let us vary the comparison.
While in Christ, we are all brothers and sisters, we are also sons and
daughters of God because of Christ's identification with us as an Elder
Brother. This latter relationship makes us answerable to God. It is
not ours to judge another son or daughter's relationship to the Parent.
We are to exercise Christian forbearance one to another to edify and
uphold one another. This Paul concluded in his advice to the Romans.
He wrote - "So then everyone of us shall give an account of himself
to God. Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge this
rather, that no man put a stumblingblock or an occasion to fall in his
brother's way." (Rom. 14:12-13)
p 72 -- Romans
For the kingdom of God is not meat [food] and drink; but righteousness,
and peace, and joy in the Holy Spirit.
Note - Too
many in the area of Christian conduct - Bible sanctification - major
in minors, and minor in majors. We seek to play the role of the Holy
Spirit in bringing conviction to our brother or sister to have them
do precisely the way we see one should eat, drink, and dress. Let the
Holy Spirit do the work assigned by Christ to lead into all truth, and
to encourage growth in the things Of God - righteousness, peace, and
joy. (John 16:13; II Thess. 2:13)
Hast thou faith? Have it to thyself before God. Happy is he that condemneth
not himself in that thing which he alloweth.
Note - In
the area of diet - as well as in all other reforms - there are those
who are convicted they should practice many things not commanded in
the Bible. In some cases extreme fanaticism develops. Those who hold
to these extreme views seek to rein everyone else up to their perception
of what constitutes adherence to the "faith." Paul stated
that if you are so convicted, have it to yourself before God.
If, however, one believes himself at liberty to live free from such
severe restrictions, he must consider lest what he allows, condemn him.
The bottom line remains - "For food, destroy not the work of God."
Romans 14:20) Exercise forbearance. TOP
Section #3 -- The
10:20-21 -- But I say, that the things
which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God...
Ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and the table of devils.
Note - Paul
has set forth a vital principle in this text. Those who sit at the table
of the Lord, which
is the communion table, on which was placed the symbols of the New Covenant,
cannot in their life and practice wear the symbols of, or take part
in the pagan rites of the "Gentiles." To do so is to worship
the devil. The use of the wedding ring stems from the most licentious
rites of paganism, and was connected with the pagan worship of the reproductive
organs. The following two quotations Note - its pagan origin:
in the power of Christianity to resist the infection of evil and to
transmit the very instruments and appendages of demon worship to an
evangelical use... the rulers of the Church from early times were prepared,
should the occasion arise to adopt, or imitate, or sanction the existing
rites and customs of the populace... We are told in various ways by
Eusebius, that Constantine, in order to recommend the new religion to
the heathen, transferred into it the outward ornaments to which they
had been accustomed in their own... The use of temples, and these dedicated
to particular saints; ... holy water... sacerdotal vestments, the tonsure,
the ring in marriage... are all of pagan origin, and sanctified
by their adoption in to the church." (J. H. Cardinal Newman,
An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine, pp. 371-372,
373. Emphasis mine)
ring is an optional part of the marriage ceremony. If the bride doesn't
wish to wear one, it isn't required. The ceremony is valid should she
choose to delete, "With this ring, I thee wed." Actually the
giving and receiving of a wedding ring is a pagan custom, simply added
to church ceremony." (Eileen Morris, "Weddings Can Be Different,"
Chatelaine, April, 1949. A Woman's Journal published in Canada)
HOLY SPIRIT AND ITS GIFTS
2 Peter 1:21
-- Holy men of God spake as they were moved by
the Holy Spirit.
Note - Our
Bible, the revelation of the will of God to men, is the work of the
Holy Sprit. The Third Person of the Council of God used the human instrument
simply as a means to convey the thoughts of God to men. This fact is
attested in other texts such as Acts 1:16, where Peter stated
that the Scripture needed to be fulfilled which "the Holy Spirit
by the mouth of David spoke." The testimony of David reads - "The
Spirit of the Lord spake by me, and His word was in my tongue."
(II Samuel 23:2)
I have many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. Howbeit
when He, the Spirit of truth is come, He will guide you into all truth.
Note - Jesus
wanted to convey to the disciples the fulness of divine revelation,
but they could not bear it: so He assured them that the Holy Spirit
would come and guide them into all truth. This Holy Spirit would reveal
Jesus in His fulness (John 16:14), and would abide with them
forever (John 14:16). Now the Bible, which is the primary and
fundamental revelation of God to man, was written over a period of time
from Moses about 1500 BC to John about 100 A.D. Now the question comes
- Did the Holy Spirit cease to guide into the truth after 100 A.D.?
If He was to abide forever with the followers of Christ, how has that
guidance been known and understood?
When He [Jesus] ascended up on high, He ... gave gifts unto men ...
And He gave some, apostles; and some prophets; and some, evangelists;
and some pastors and teachers; ... till we all come to the unity of
the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man,
unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ.
Note - In
these verses are listed five gifts of the Spirit which were to continue
until we reach the "measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ."
This will be when Jesus returns the second time. (I John 3:2-3)
Here then, is another testimony to the fact that when the Spirit was
sent, He was to abide with the people of God "forever."
The meaning of the
word, apostle, is one who is sent. Such a one is sent with authority.
(Matthew 10: 1; Luke 9:1 ; Galatians 2:8-9) A prophet is one
who speaks forth for God; he is to be God's mouthpiece in the assembly
of the saints. The meaning of the others gifts - evangelists, pastors
and teachers - is well known. The most controversial of all the gifts
is the gift of prophecy. How to relate it to the primary revelation
of God in the Holy Scriptures raises many questions and problems. Yet
this gift is especially Note - d in Bible prophecy itself as playing
an important role in the end times of human history.
-- And the dragon ... went to make war with the remnant ... which
keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus. - - -
The testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy. TOP
Note - The
end time people of God not only hear the voice of God in His law, and
respond by keeping those commandments, but they also have the continued
voice of Jesus which He promised to be in His household through the
Spirit till the end of time. The Spirit of prophecy is not a set of
writings, but the coming of the Holy Spirit upon human instrumentalites
endowing them with power to speak forth for Jesus - His testimony.
p 74 --
16 -- And it shall come to pass in that day, that the
Lord shall set His hand again a second time to recover the remnant of
... And there shall be an highway
for the remnant of His people ... . like as it was to Israel
in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.
Note - The
ancient prophet looked forward to the gathering of a remnant. The book
of Revelation indicates this to be the remnant "seed of the woman"
- the woman symbolizing the heavenly Jerusalem, the "church of
the firstborn, which are written in heaven." (Compare Hebrews
12:22-23: Jeremiah 6:2-3; and Isaiah 51:16) This final gathering
will be "like as" it was when Israel was brought out of Egypt.
-- And by a prophet the Lord brought Israel out of Egypt, and
by a prophet was he preserved.
Note - in
both the Old and New Testaments, in speaking of the final group of God's
people on the earth, it is stated clearly that prophetic guidance will
be restored to lead them through the final conflict of earth's history.
Section #2 --
OF NON-CANONICAL PROPHETS TO THE BIBLE
-- Now there were in the church that was at Antioch
certain prophets and teachers ... As they ministered to the Lord, and
fasted, the Holy Spirit said ...
We entered into the house of Philip the evangelist ... and the same
man had four daughters which did prophesy.
-- And as we tarried there many days, there came down from Judea
a certain prophet, named Agabus.
Note - These
verses mention various prophets, but we do not have in the Bible a Book
of Agabus, nor a Book of the Four Daughters of Philip. However, these
prophets are mentioned in connection with one who wrote more of the
books of the New Testament than any other single person. Further, Agabus
is given a message for Paul. (Acts 21:11) Here we see the work
of non-canonical prophets - their work is local with specific guidance
for individuals and groups, meeting local conditions. (See also Acts
Section #3 --
TESTS OF THE GENUINE GIFT OF PROPHECY
I John 4:1
-- Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try
the spirits, whether they be of God: because many false prophets are
gone out into the world.
Note - For
everything genuine, Satan has his counterfeit. Because there is the
false, is this justification for not seeking the true? There are tests
by which we may try the "spirits" and discern the true from
the false. If we are willing to follow these tests, we shall not be
led into error.
To the law and to the testimony, if they speak not according to this
word, it is because there is no light in them.
p 75 --
The Law and the testimony concerning that Law - the rest of the
Scriptures - constitute the standard by which all manifestation of spiritual
gifts are to be evaluated. It was the Holy Spirit which inspired the
sacred Word in harmony with the principles of God's government. Therefore,
all spiritual gifts
will conform to that which has been previously spoken and written. That
by which something is judged is greater than the thing judged, so likewise
the Sacred Scriptures maintain ever their primacy over any other manifestation
of the Holy Spirit.
And when he had spoken such words to me, I set my face toward the ground,
and I became dumb. And behold, one ... touched my lips: then I opened
my mouth and spake ... 0 my lord, by the vision ... I retained no strength.
For how can the servant ... talk ... for as for me ... there remaineth
no strength in me, neither is there breath left in me.
Note - Here
in this book of Daniel sealed - set apart till the time of the end (Daniel
12:4) - is to be found a detailed experience of what occurs physically
when in vision, or receiving a revelation. In Daniel's body, there was
no breath, yet he could speak. This reveals the complete control of
the individual, even to one of his very vital [life] signs, by the Holy
Spirit when used as an instrument to convey the thoughts of God to men.
Between Bible and Spiritual Gifts - How Viewed
The Bible is a perfect
and complete revelation. It is our only rule of faith and practice.
But this is no reason, why God may not show the past, present, and future
fulfillment of His Word, in these last days, by dreams and visions;
according to Peter's testimony. True visions are given to lead us to
God, and His written Word; but those that are given for a new rule of
faith and practice, separate from the Bible, cannot be from God, and
should be rejected. (A Word to the Little Flock, p. 13)
(See Appendix F
for further in depth study concepts)
p 76 -- ---Appendix
A -- DIVISIONS
The Old Testament
is arranged into five sections:
1 ) -- Pentateuch (Genesis - Deuteronomy)
[written by Moses]
2) -- History (Joshua - Esther)
3) -- Poetry (Job - Song of Solomon)
4) -- Major Prophets (Isaiah - Daniel)
5) -- Minor Prophets (Hosea - Malachi)
Testament is likewise
divided into five sections:
1) -- The Gospels (Matthew - John)
2) -- History (Acts of the Apostles)
3) -- Pauline Epistles (Romans - Hebrews)
4) -- General Epistles (James - Jude)
5) -- Prophecy (Revelation)
The Old Testament was written in Hebrew with the exception
of a few chapters in Ezra
(4:8 to 6:18; 7:12-26) and Daniel
(2:4 to 7:28), which were written in Aramaic. There are
modern Jewish scholars who contend that the whole of the book of
Daniel was originally written in Aramaic. (H. Louis Ginsberg,
Studies in Daniel,
p. 41) Aramaic was the official language of the civilized world up to
the time of the Macedonian conquests under Alexander the Great, and
was the official language of the Neo-Babylonian and Persian Empires.
The New Testament appears to have been written in Greek,
although there are some scholars who contend that some of the Gospels
could have been written in Aramaic and then translated into the Greek.
Jesus spoke Aramaic, and it is still a living language used in certain
parts of the Near East, now known as Syriac.
The Hebrews divided the Old Testament into just three
sections - The Torah or the Law, the Prophets, and the Writings. These
divisions are reflected in the New Testament, and when understood helps
one to better evaluate the New Testament writer's quotes from the Old
24:27, where Jesus' conversation with the two on the way
to Emmaus is recorded, it is stated that Jesus "beginning at Moses
[the Torah] and all the prophets, ... expounded unto them in all the
scriptures (graphais - writings) the things
concerning Himself." Later that night, Jesus told the ones in the
upper room that "all things must be fulfilled, which were written
in the law of Moses (the Torah, the first five books of Moses), and
in the prophets, and the Psalms (the first book in the section of Writings,
and thus standing for the whole of that section)" concerning Him.
2:22-23 where reference is made first to Exodus
13:2, and then to Leviticus
12:8, it is stated as being "written in the law of the
Lord." However, when Paul quoted from Deuteronomy
25:4, he indicated he was quoting from "the Law of Moses."
(I Corinthians 9:9)
Then when Paul referred to what Isaiah had written (28:11-12)
he stated - "In the law it is written." (I
Corinthians 14:21) Even Jesus in quoting
the Psalms (82:6)
asked - "Is it not written in your law?" (John
the term, law, was used to cover the entire Old Testament at times,
even though technically it referred primarily to the first five books
written by Moses.
p 77 -- Appendix
B -- OTHER
METHODS OF INTERPRETATION
The history of any
church body is also the history of its interpretation of Scripture.
By implication a shift or change in the method used for interpretation
of Scripture by a church, its scholars, or others within it inevitably
would be accompanied by a shift or change in its course, doctrines,
self -understanding, purpose, and mission. (Biblical Interpretation
Today , p. 1)
During the first fourteen hundred years of the Christian
era, two methods of Biblical interpretation competed for acceptance.
One was developed at Antioch in Syria known as the grammatical -historical
method. This school of thought insisted on the literal sense or
meaning of the Scripture, and placed emphasis on grammatical studies.
In contrast to this approach the school at Alexandria in Egypt adopted
an allegorical method which claimed that all Scripture had a
spiritual meaning, but not all had a literal meaning. Thus of the two,
the most important was the spiritual. The concepts of the school at
Antioch were eclipsed by the Alexandrian perceptions; however, during
the Reformation these were revived as a basis for an understanding of
the Word of God by Luther and the other Reformers - Calvin, Zwingli,
Following the Reformation period, arising out of the
age of Enlightenment and rationalism in the 18th Century, a critical
method known as the historical-critical method, developed. This
became the method of interpreting the Bible by modern Protestantism.
Its objective was to destroy the conservative orthodox view of Biblical
truth and history. Today certain scholars trained in this method, and
who used it, now declare it "bankrupt" and having run its
course must be considered to be at an "end." This method reduced
the Bible to a dead letter And destroyed faith in its divine origin.
"Until about 1940, practically all Adventist Bible
study relied on what is known as the proof text method. Today, most
non-scholars in the church still follow that method, whereas almost
all Bible scholars follow the historical method. The SDA Bible Commentary
in the fifties (1952-57) was the first major Adventist publication to
follow the historical method as its guiding principle."
(Spectrum, Vol. 11, #2, pp. 17-18) TOP
This same writer (Raymond
F. Cottrell) in a way which demeans the "proof-text"
approach compared the two methods. He wrote:
The proof text method
of Bible study consists of a study of the Bible in translation (English
for instance), of reliance on the analogy of Scripture on the verbal
level with little if any attention to context, of giving, at best, inadequate
attention to the historical setting of a statement or message and what
it meant to the people of its own time, and of permitting subjective
preconceptions to control conclusions arrived at deductively.
By contrast, the
historical method consists of a study of the Bible in its original languages,
of accepting the literary context of every statement and message as
normative for its meaning, of determining what the messages of the Bible
meant to the various reading audiences to which they were originally
addressed, in terms of the intention of the inspired writer and the
Holy Spirit, of accepting that original meaning as a guide to an accurate
understanding of their import for us today, and of reasoning inductively,
arriving at conclusions on the basis of evidence. (Ibid. p.
There is nothing wrong with the study of the Bible in
the original languages. It is to be commended. In fact, through the
Review and Herald in the last decade of the previous Century,
an attempt was made to give instruction in New Testament Greek for the
ministry and laity of the Church alike. Neither is it wrong to
p 78 --
understand the context in which a passage of Scripture
was written and the message intended for the one or ones for whom it
was written. BUT, it must be kept in mind that the Holy Spirit was giving,
in many instances, messages for a different time and in a different
context. Further, the Divine instruction in doctrinal concepts was laced
throughout the entire Bible. These statements must be brought together
so as to formulate a complete and accurate concept of a given doctrine.
All of this points up the simple fact that we need to
know beyond question what we believe, and why we believe it, based upon
the Bible as the sole and infallible source of truth. And the method
of interpretation one uses will determine how he will arrive at the
formulation of that truth. TOP
TERMS AND THEIR
Connected with the historical-critical method of interpreting
the Bible are various approaches which have been used by modern scholars
to find what could be called the "bottom line" in determining
the origin of the written Word. To familiarize you with these names
and the meaning of the terms used, we list the following:
attempts to discover the sources of a passage of Scripture. It assumes
"that the production of Scripture was conditioned historically
not only by the fact that it had combined documents with a prior history
of their own, but also that wider movements in human life had influenced
their content." (Tucker, Form Criticism, p. iv.) TOP
attempts to discover the literary style and structure of a unit of literature
as it relates to the sociological setting out of which it arose. It
"presupposes that, however unwittingly, all Israelites over many
centuries contributed to the making of the Bible; that it was simply
a result of their having had a communal existence as Israelites."
(Ibid, p. vi)
attempts to trace the process by which a piece of literature moved from
stage to stage until it reached its final form. It "assumes
that the whole community, in all expressions of its existence, participated
in giving shape to the tradition and in handing it on, generation after
to discover and describe the theological themes on the basis of which
the redactor selected, modified, and shaped the materials in their final
form. It "assumes that the final collector(s) of the document was
himself an author working within and conditioned by a specific socio-political-economic
religious life setting."
With all of these methods at work, one can well understand
how the Word of God has been reduced to a dead letter in apostate liberal
Protestantism by adopting even in a modified form some of these approaches.
(The data for this essay was taken for the most part
verbatim from the illustrated appendix of the syllabus - Current
Issues and Revelation-Inspiration - by E. Edward Zinke, prepared
for the 1985, . World Ministers Council, New Orleans. LA.)
p 79 --
APPENDIX C -- OLD
- TYPE - NEW COVENANTS IN DIAGRAM
1 . -- Adam -----2.
-- Sinai -----3. -- Golden Calf --------4. -- Cross of Christ -------------
1. -- God
gave to Adam a "commanded" covenant. (Gen. 2:16-17).
Obey: -- Live; Disobey: -- Die. Adam broke the covenant. (Hosea 6:7
margin) Christ stepped in, and God made a covenant with Him and
with man. (Gen. 3:15; Rev. 13:8) This was the New Covenant when
ratified at Calvary. (Heb. 9:12-15)
2. -- At
Mt. Sinai, God entered into a covenant with Israel which contained no
provision for mercy. It was Obey: -- Live; Disobey: -- Die. (Ex.
20:22; 24:8; Note - 23:20-21) Within forty days Israel broke the
covenant. (Ex. 32:1-6)
3. -- Moses
interceded for Israel. (Ex. 32:30-32) God then made a Covenant
with him and with Israel. (Ex. 34:10, 27) Under this Covenant
the typical sanctuary functioned. (Ex. 25:.8-9) The book of Hebrews
refers to this relationship as the house of Moses. (Heb. 3:2-5)
4. -- All
reality finds its end in Christ. He is the Seed of the woman, the antitype
of Moses, the great High Priest, and Mediator of the New Covenant. Christ
is the "Son over His own house." (Heb. 3:6) TOP
p 80 --
APPENDIX D -- ANTIOCHUS
EPIPHANES and the LITTLE HORN of DANIEL 8
The reason for discussing Antiochus Epiphanes in relationship
to "the little horn" of
Daniel 8 is that most modern prophetic commentators consider
this Seleucid king as the fulfillment of the prophecy of "the abomination
of desolation." ["Transgression of desolation" (8:13);
"the abomination that maketh desolate" (11:31;
Antiochus Epiphanes was the eighth ruler in the Seleucid
dynasty which arose out of the divisions of Alexander the Great's Empire.
This dynasty was more or less continuous from 312-65 BC Son of Antiochus
the Great, Antiochus Epiphanes reigned from 175-164 BC He designated
himself as Theos Epiphanes - "God Manifest." A devotee of
Zeus, probably perceiving himself as an incarnation of this chief deity,
he sought the advancement of Greek culture and religion throughout the
regions he controlled. This brought him into direct conflict with the
Jews. He wrought the most damage upon the city of Jerusalem since the
siege and destruction by Nebuchadnezzar. His most provocative act toward
the Jews was the desecration of the Temple by offering a pig on the
sacred altar, and forcing the people to eat of the sacrificed swine.
In I Maccabees 1:54, it is stated - "They builded an abomination
of desolation upon the altar." Three years later to the day a new
altar was "dedicated afresh." (4:53-54)
These historical facts form the basis for the identification of Antiochus
Epiphanes as "the little horn" of Daniel
8. A review of the specifications of the prophecy and the
statement of Jesus Himself negate such an interpretation.
8 begins with a vision of a ram, designated as "the
kings of Media and Persia." (8:3,20)
This is followed by a he-goat declared to be "the king of Grecia"
with the single notable horn "as the first king." (8:5,21)
The "great horn" is broken, and in its place comes "up
four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven." (8:8)
This is interpreted by Gabriel to mean that "four kingdoms shall
stand up out of the nation, but not in his power." (8:22)
The Seleucid dynasty was one of these kingdoms of which Antiochus Epiphanes
was but one of the line - not even the greatest!
The prophecy continues - "And out of one
of them came forth a little horn." (8:9)
Whether the "one" refers back to "winds" of heaven,
or to the "horns" involves the linguistics of verses 8
If "winds," indicating location, a significant case can
be made as to where "the little horn" was to arise; for the
direction of conquest, and thus origin, form a vital part of this prophecy.
The "little horn" was to move "toward the south, toward
the east, and toward the pleasant land." Directions were also given
for the movements of the ram and the he-goat. (8:4-5) For example,
the ram moved westward, northward, and southward. This means that he
came from the east. See map on next page.
Applying this same
reasoning to "the little horn" who moved south, east and toward
the pleasant land, or Palestine, he would have to originate in the north
and west. This leads to the designation of Rome as "the little
horn." The conquests of Rome followed the directional sequence
of the prophecy. First Rome challenged and conquered Carthage to the
south; then Greece to the east, followed by the conquest of the Eastern
There are other
prophetic criteria identifying "the little horn." The ram
"became great;" the he-goat "waxed very great;"
but the little horn "became exceeding great." (8:4,8,9)
The interpretation given by Gabriel indicated further, that the little
horn would appear at "the latter end of their [horn's] kingdom."
(8:23) Antiochus Epiphanes meets none of these specifications.
Historians' History of the World,
Vol. V, p. 1, is an observation which fits perfectly this
prophecy if the "One of them" refers to the "horns."
p 81 -- reads:
"As a matter
of fact, the West [or Greek part of Italy] was left by the mother country
to its own devices. But it presently became evident that the development
that took place was fraught with consequences of the utmost moment to
the Hellenistic political system. By abstaining from preemptory interference,
while such interference was yet possible, the Macedonian kingdoms permitted
a power to arise in Italy so strong that in a very short time it proceeded
to aim a fatal blow at their own existence."
Jesus Christ Himself
gives the final word to the question as to whether "the little
horn" of Daniel 8
is Antiochus Epiphanes. He told His disciples that "the abomination
of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet" was yet
future in their day. (Matthew
CONQUEST IN PROPHECY OF DANIEL 8
p 82 -- APPENDIX
E -- THE
SECRET RAPTURE THEORY
in his book - The Late
Great Planet Earth - popularized the teaching of the
Secret Rapture. This concept of a secret coming of Christ for His "elect"
prior to the great tribulation and the appearing of the antichrist is
today "the lifeblood of the electronic church." A teacher
of this theory makes the following explanation of the term, "rapture."
Strange to say the
word itself does not appear in the Bible. The English word means: "to
transport to a state of happiness." It comes from the Latin word,
"rapio, " meaning "to seize quickly or suddenly"
or "to snatch away."
If the reader will
carefully consider I Thessalonians 4:13-18, he will Note - that
in the day of Christ's sudden coming for His own, they are to
be "caught up" (verse 17). The Greek word here means
precisely "snatch up suddenly." From this we derive the term
"Rapture" commonly used among premillennial teachers in referring
to the first phase of His second advent. (The Rapture, pp. 4-5;
Quoted in The Secret Rapture and the Antichrist, p. 11)
To clothe the theory
in the respectability of New Testament Greek research, its advocates
have asserted that there is a difference between the parousia,
or personal presence of Christ, and the apokalupsis,
or revelation of Christ in His glory. However, the very text cited to
associate the concept of "snatch away suddenly" with the Latin,
"rapio" and hence the English, "rapture" - 1
Thessalonians 4:15-17 - declares "the parousia
(coming) of the Lord" to be accompanied by "a shout, with
the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God." Hardly
secret! Further Paul declares that "Wicked One" (Antichrist)
will be consumed with the spirit of His mouth at Christ's parousia.
(II Thess. 2:8)
So the antichrist does not come after the parousia
of Christ, but is destroyed at his parousia.
It is also taught
that these two supposedly different comings of Christ are separated
by seven years. To obtain this sum of years, the Seventy Weeks of Daniel
9, are arranged so as to have the 69 weeks cover till the
time of Christ's first Advent. Then is introduced a "prophetic
parenthesis" till the parousia
of Christ to be followed by the 70th week. This is built upon dispensationalism
with the Church Age during the time of the "Gap."
Great stress is
made of the results of the "rapture" upon civilization. Newspapers
of the variety which will supposedly be published following the "rapture"
are used as "missionary" literature. One such "advanced"
edition carries in bold headlines - MULTITUDES MISSING - with a sub-line,
"Nations Throughout the World Alarmed Over the Mysterious Disappearing
of People from the Earth." In writing of occurrences, the imagination
is left unfettered. Terrible wrecks take place on the highways as the
driver of one vehicle is snatched away. Airplanes crash because the
pilot disappears. Even the editor of this Post Rapture Journal
has himself listed among the missing, with the reminder he had preached
his famous sermon, "The Meeting in the Air," hundreds of times.
teach plainly only one second coming of Christ not a two phased event.
Jesus told His disciples: - Note
- the time sequence by the use of "then" -
And then shall they
see the Son of man coming in the clouds with power and great glory.
And then shall He send His angels, and shall gather together His elect
from the four winds, from the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost
part of heaven. (Mark. 13:26-27) TOP
- The "they" that see are defined in Matt. 24:30
as "all the tribes of earth." The meaning of "elect"
was discussed in the Lesson, p. 49.)
p 83 --
E - 2
The fact is that
dividing the second coming of Jesus into two events was not known in
Christian teaching prior to the early 1800's. There are some advocates,
however, of this theory who hold that certain statements of early church
fathers can be used to sustain its approach to apostolic origin. One
of these men is John Walvoord, who is known as the "dean"
of this teaching. His conclusions are discredited in a recent publication,
The Great Rapture Hoax, by Dave MacPherson (pp. 338-339). *
The teaching of
the rapture of the "saints" prior to the great tribulation
came by a revelation to a young Scottish teenager, Margaret Macdonald,
in 1830. Through this revelation or dream, Margaret introduced the "secret"
rapture idea noting that Christ would first be seen by only Spirit-filled
Christians. She indicated that the antichrist was still in the future,
instead of the historic Protestant designation of the Papacy. From
that beginning in Port Glasgow, Scotland, it was taken and developed
by John Darby and C. I. Scofield into a whole futuristic schema of last
[ * This book may
be obtained from the New Puritan Library, 91 Lytle Road, Fletcher, North
Carolina 28732. Another book by the same author - The Incredible
Cover-Up - is also very enlightening on this subject.]
p 84 --APPENDIX
F -- AN OVERVIEW
The teachings of
Scripture in regard to the second coming of Christ use various comparisons.
The Son of man is pictured as coming first to the Ancient of days to
receive a kingdom. (Daniel
7:13-14) In the book of Revelation when the Lord God
omnipotent exercises His power to re-establish His authority in the
earth, the declaration is made - "the marriage of the Lamb is come."
(Rev. 19:6-7; 11: 15-17)
The coming of the Son of man to the Ancient of days involves a pre-Advent
investigative judgment. This dual representation of Jesus' coming is
mingled by Jesus in a parable He told. Jesus likened the kingdom of
heaven "unto a certain king, which made a marriage for His son."
When those bidden would not respond, the festive hall was filled with
other guests. Then the king came in to inspect the guests. (22:11)
If a guest failed to have on the wedding attire supplied by the king,
he was cast out "into outer darkness." (22:12-13)
While the thrust of the first part of the parable was directed to the
Jewish leadership and how they responded to the coming of Jesus the
first time, the second section involves those who responded to fill
the places of the original Israel. The robe fitly represents the righteousness
of Christ. The messengers whom God has sent, present to God's second
Israel the robe necessary to come to the marriage supper of the Lamb.
There is another
parable which Jesus told which should engage our attention in regard
to the marriage of the Lamb. It is the parable of the Ten Virgins. (Matthew
25:1-13) The setting should be carefully studied. As the
story begins, ten virgins have already responded to one call to go forth
and meet the Bridegroom. They "took their lamps and went forth
to meet the bridegroom." (Verse
1) They were all a part of one group - albeit five were wise
and five were foolish. "They all slumbered and slept"
because the Bridegroom tarried. (Verse
5) Then at "midnight" a cry was made. (Verse
6) It was the darkest hour, and the voice came from outside
of the virgins. This is what makes this parable so distinctive from
the other marriage parables Jesus told. The invitations in the other
parables were given by servants of the same kingdom as were the invited
guests. Further, this voice at midnight calls in the same language as
the call which brought them together in the first instance. The voice
called - "Go ye out to meet Him." (Verse
5) Here the word is exerchesthe from exerchomai,
but in the present tense: - "Be going out to a meeting of Him."
In response to this a separation occurred. Five responded, while five
continued to lean upon the venders of spiritual merchandise until it
was too late - the door was shut! (Verse
Here is the same
picture as all the other calls - a messenger with the Lord's message.
The tragedy is that there will be those who will be giving lip service
to the messenger and messengers of the past, but who will miss or reject
the message and messenger of the midnight hour. The concept of the spiritual
gift, which we call the spirit of prophecy, is much broader as pictured
in Scripture than we are prone to accept. Our limited view may prove
very costly in the light of eternity.
p 85 -- QUIZ
-- Section I: 3, 2, 3, 2 -- Section II: T. F. F. T. F. T.
-- (1) Father, Son, Holy Spirit. (2) form, equal. (3)
express, person. Hebrews 1:3. (4) is. (5) man, things.
(6) spirit, truth. (7) Bible. (8) fruits, ground,
word, lamb, offering, same, worship, truth. (9) man, God. Acts
-- (1) was, was, was, was, John 1:1-2. (2) I AM, existent,
existent. (3) decree, called, called. (4) flesh, all,
things. (5) Jesus Christ. (6) Jesus Christ. Neh. 9:12-15;
1 Cor. 10:1-4. (7) Creator, Saviour, Lawgiver.
-- (1) Bible, line, precept, precept. (2) Sabbath, Lord,
God. (3) Lord, Mark 2:27-28. (4) Friday, Saturday, according,
commandment, Sunday. (5) Friday, sundown Saturday, hour, sacred.
(6) cares, delight, ways, pleasures, words, Lord. (7)
flesh, Sabbath. Isaiah 66:22-23.
-- (1) nine, eight, six, resurrection. (2) command, seventh.
(3) fear, Jews, believe. (4) Acts 20:7, preached, midnight,
depart, farewell, Jerusalem. (5) after, midst, per verse.
(6) vain, commandments. Matthew 15:9.
-- (1) holy. (2) Ten, Commandments. (3) Commandments,
voice, written, finger. (4) ark, holy, sanctuary. (5)
Moses, Moses, witness (testimony). (6) land, possession, 4:12-14.
(7) Sabbaths, people, Lord. (8) hearts, mind. TOP
-- Matching- b. h. d. a. g. j. f. i. e. c. (1) righteousnesses,
filthy, rags, 64:6 (2) enemies,
reconciled, Son, reconciled, saved, life, 5:10.
Lessons # 8
& #9 -- (1) consider, sanctuary, pitched, man. (2)
shadow, example, high, once, High, second. (3) forgiveness, cleansing.
(4) one, year, Ezekiel 4:6. (5) time, end, 9:24-26. (6)
457, 483, Anointed. 27. midst, week, 31, 34, 1844, second, cleansing
(judgment). (7) sin, salvation.
-- (1) John 14:3, I will come again. (2) tribes, see,
trump, dead, will, arise, living, righteous, in, the, air, ever, be,
the, Lord. (3) first, resurrection, 1000, years. (4) desolate,
being, Satan, dung, buried. (5) thrones, judgment. (6)
New, Jerusalem, fire, devours, second. (7) all, things, throne,
God, servants, serve.
F. T. T. T. T. F. F. T. F. T. F. T. F. T. T.
-- (1) Moses, Christ. (2) God (faith), commonwealth, Christ.
(3) pillar, ground. (4) homes, upper, written, heaven.
(5) baptism, water, Spirit. (6) death, burial, resurrection.
(7) humility, bread, wine. (8) tithes, holy, tenth, curse,
blessing. (9) meat (food), due, season. (10) Father, Son.
(11) commandments, faith. (12) hear, voice.
-- (1) sanctified, man. (2) truth, spiritual. (3)
loved, hated. (4) tea, coffee, cola. (5) mice, Isaiah
66:15-17. (6) modesty. (7) Love, world, world, world,
Father. (8) evil. (9) displaced, person. (10) temple,
is no Quiz.
End of Bible Study Guide. Enjoy