I. The Sin
in Eden (Genesis 3)
-- Eve entertained a question regarding the word and authority of
-- Eve accepted a lie for the truth of God's word. (3:4)
-- Delusion and faulty judgment followed. (3:6)
Relate this anatomy
of the beginning of sin in Eden with the following texts as they relate
to man's redemption:
14:12; 16:25 [Twice repeated - for emphasis? How vital
to our acceptance of salvation?]
10:23; Proverbs 3:5-6; Revelation 3:18c; II Thessalonians 2:9-12.
8:6-7 margin [The Greek for "carnally minded"
= "the minding of the flesh. Likewise for "spiritually
minded" = "the minding of the Spirit."]; Philippians
2:5; John 16:13. TOP
is sin? (I John 3:4)
While sin is
the transgression of the law, the one committing sin transgresses
ALSO the law. What else does a person sinning do? Paul wrote - "Whatsoever
is not of faith is sin" (Romans
14:23). There are precious promises in God's word by which
we are to escape sin. (II
Peter 1:4) Note the following: Jude
24; Deuteronomy 8:3 [Jesus claimed this promise, and observe
what followed Matthew
4:2-4, 11]; 1
Corinthians 10:13. Now faith comes by hearing the word
of God. (Romans 10:17)
Our failure to exercise faith leads to sin which is the transgression
of the Law. This is why the victory is "through faith."
(I John 5:4)
Challenge of Protestantism to Catholicism.
of man is by grace alone (Sola Gratia) through the exercise of faith
alone (Sola Fide), and made possible by the redemption that is in
Christ Jesus (Solo Christo). This revelation is to be found in the
Bible, and does not need the creeds of the Councils to augment it.
Thus the use of the expression - Sola Scriptura. See the following
texts of Scripture upon which this is based: Ephesians
2:8-9; Romans 3:24; Acts 4:12; and II Timothy 3:15-17.TOP
#8 -- CHRIST,
OUR HIGH PRIEST
Consider the ... High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus.
Note - Other translations
of the Bible use for "consider," the phrase, "Fix your
thoughts on." When we
fix our thoughts on the work of Christ as our High Priest, we enter
into some of the deep things of God.
This is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right
hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; a minister ... of
the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched.
Note - Jesus
Christ as our High Priest is ministering in the sanctuary of heaven,
the true tabernacle. To understand this phase of the ministry of Christ,
we need to study carefully certain aspects of the earthly tabernacle
pitched by Moses.
On earth ... there are priests that offer gifts according to
the law: who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things.
Note - The
work of the priests in the earthly tabernacle was both a shadow and
an example. The Greek word for shadow - skia - means "a
faint outline." We are told that the sacrifices offered were
"a shadow-of good things to come." (Heb. 10:1) Only
faintly could the blood of lambs, bulls, and goats represent the blood
of Jesus Christ. But an example is a different thing. While not identical
to the real problem it does indicate the exact procedure in solving
the problem. So the earthly sanctuary while not identical - only a
model in miniature - serves to help us understand the nature and procedure
of the work of Christ, our High Priest.
Let them make Me a sanctuary that I may dwell among them.
Note - In
the diagram following the lesson, you will observe that the sanctuary
was divided into two apartments, or rooms. These are designated
in different ways in different parts of the Bible. For example in
the book of Hebrews, each apartment is called a "tabernacle."
See Hebrews 9:2-3. In Leviticus 16, the second apartment,
or Most Holy Place, is simply referred to as "the holy."
The first apartment is called, "the tabernacle," while the
court is covered by the phrase, "the altar that is before the
Lord." (Lev. 16:2, 20) In each of the rooms of the sanctuary
were articles of furniture, which were symbolic representations of
originals in the heavenly counterpart. (On the diagram, they are lettered
with the same letter as in the lesson description of each article
A. The Ark
of the Covenant
-- And they shall make an ark ... of wood ... and shall overlay
it with pure gold, within and without.
-- And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold ... and
thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark
thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee.
p 35 --
Exodus 25, 18,
20 -- Thou
shalt make two cherubims of gold ... in the two ends of the mercy
seat ... and their faces shall look one to another.
I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between
the two cherubims. TOP
B. The Altar
Thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon.
-- And thou shalt put it before the vail that is by the ark
of the testimony ... and Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense
every morning ... [and] ... at even, he shall burn incense upon
And another angel came and stood at the altar ... and there was
given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers
of all saints upon the golden altar.
Christ ... hath loved us, and hath given Himself for us an
offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.
C. The Table
-- Thou shalt make a table of shittim wood ... and thou shalt
the table shewbread before me always.
I am the living bread which came down from heaven ... and the
bread that I will give is my flesh, which I give for the life of
Note - In
the New Testament references to the Heavenly Sanctuary, there is
no specific counterpart for the Table of Shewbread. However, since
the Table was set on the north side of the first apartment, it could
well serve as the representation of the Throne of God. This for
two reasons: The description of the Throne of God in Ezekiel
1, and Revelation 4 have many similarities. In Ezekiel,
the vision is introduced by "a whirlwind which came out of
the north." (1:4) In Revelation, the seven lampstands
are portrayed as "before the throne" which would be the
position of the golden candlesticks before the table of shewbread
in the earthly typical representation. (4:5) TOP
D. The Candlestick
-- And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold and six
branches shall come out of the sides of it.
And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they
bring thee pure olive oil ... to cause the lamps to burn always.
I am the light of the world.
-- Ye are the light of the world let your light so shine
Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always
[daily] in the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God.
But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, ...
the Holy Spirit this signifying a figure for the time then present.
p 36 --
Note - The
earthly sanctuary was divided into two apartments. The book
of Hebrews refers to these apartments as "tabernacles."
The common priests went daily into the first apartment, but into the
second apartment, called the Most Holy, the high priest went alone,
and then only once a year. This being an example, it indicates the
dual work of the ministry of Jesus Christ, our High Priest,
in the Heavenly Sanctuary.
-- Christ being come an high priest by His own blood He entered
in once into the holy place, [thus securing an eternal redemption
- RSV] for us ... for Christ is not entered into holy places made
with hands ... but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence
of God for us.
Note - Jesus
Christ is both Victim and Priest. Having provided for us by His blood,
the means of redemption, He entered into the Sanctuary of heaven to
obtain through His mediation the fulness of that redemption. Since
Christ is called to be the High Priest. His work will assume major
proportions in the work of the second apartment of the Heavenly Sanctuary
inasmuch as the earthly type emphasized the work of the high priest
in that apartment. TOP
RESULT OF DAILY AND YEARLY SERVICE IN TYPE
4:13-14, 20b, 26b, 31c
; Leviticus 5:10b, 13a, 18b -- If the whole congregation
of Israel sin through ignorance ... then the congregation shall offer
a young bullock for the sin ... and the priest shall make an atonement
for them, and it shall be forgiven them.
Note - Whether
for the whole congregation, or the ruler (Lev. 4:22). or the
common person (Lev. 4:27) the atonement always resulted in
forgiveness. This was the daily service.
-- In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month ...
the priest shall make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye
may be clean from all your sins before the Lord ... . The priest
... shall make an atonement for the holy sanctuary ... the tabernacle
... the altar ... the priests, and for all the people of the congregation.
Note - The tenth
day of the seventh month marked the time of the yearly service when
the high priest went into the most holy place. The results of the
mediation on that day were in distinct contrast to the results of
the daily service. In both an atonement was obtained, but the results
of the yearly service were of a higher nature - "that ye may
be clean from all your sins before the Lord." The atonement
also involved the sanctuary; it, too, had to be cleansed.
4:2, 5 --
A throne was set in heaven ... and there were seven lamps, of fire
burning before the throne.
Note - In
the last book of the Bible, activities in heaven were opened before
John, and he beheld the Throne of God in relationship to the golden
lampstands. From the type, we know that this was the first apartment
of the heavenly sanctuary. Now the question - Who is before the throne?
And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne ... stood a Lamb
as it had been slain.
37 -- Note - The first portrayal of Jesus in the
book of Revelation is in His calling as Priest (Rev. 1:12-16)
In Rev. 5:6. John sees Him before the Throne in the first apartment
ministering as a Lamb as it had been slain. The blood of Calvary is
not forgotten, nor the marks of the crucifixion erased. The great
High Priest bears them forever in His body, and presents before His
Father the nail - scarred hands calling into remembrance the blood
of His all-sufficient sacrifice. But the book of Revelation presents
a continuing work of Christ. TOP
The seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices ...
saying, The kingdom's of this world are become the kingdoms of our
Lord, and His Christ, and He shall reign forever and ever.
Note - When
the seventh angel sounds, there is a change in the ministry of our
Lord. From the work of a priest, He becomes a King. The priestly ministry
is ended. But where did that work end?
And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in
His temple, the ark of His covenant.
Note - The
ark of the testament was in the Most Holy place of the earthly type.
Thus it is indicated that Christ's last work before taking His kingdom
is to be done in the Most Holy place of the Heavenly Temple, where
in the earthly type, the high priest ministered once a year. The question
then remains - when did Jesus change from the first apartment to the
second in the heavenly Temple? This answer is to be found in the book
of Daniel. This will be studied in the next lesson.
38 -- CONCEPTS
FOR FURTHER STUDY
Physical Layout of the Sanctuary - Its Message
Two foci come
to view the Altar of Burnt Offering representing the Cross, Christ
the Sacrifice; and the Most Holy Place where Christ ministers as the
great High Priest after the Order of Melchisedec.
of Christ in man's behalf in the sanctuary above is as essential to
the plan of salvation as was His death upon the cross. By His death
He began that work which after His resurrection He ascended to complete
in heaven. We must by faith enter within the veil, "whither the
Forerunner is for us entered." There the light from the cross
of Calvary is reflected. There we may gain a clearer insight into
the mysteries of redemption." (Great Controversy, p.
Sanctuary in the Book of Hebrews
The book of Hebrews clearly teaches a direct vertical link between
the heavenly sanctuary and its earthly counterpart:
8: 5 (example) 9:23
(patterns) - upodeigma (hupodeigma)
= imitation, copy, or pattern.
8:5 (pattern) - tupoV
(figure) - parabolh
= figure, or symbol.
Ta Hagia - Hagia
is a neuter plural, and occurs in this form nine times in the book
- Chapters 8-13.
(8:2; 9:2-3, 8, 12, 24, 25; 10:19; 13:11) In Heb.
9:1 it occurs as to
hagion , a neuter singular. In Heb.
9:3 it is combined with the neuter plural genitive - hagia
hagion - and clearly refers to the second apartment, or
Most Holy Place. Literally, it means "holy places," or "holy
p 39 --
3. -- How
is TA Hagia
used in Hebrews? This is a key question, and the answer has a bearing
on our understanding of the sanctuary doctrine. Certain unique features
mark the book of Hebrews. These need to be noted.
When a text is quoted in the book of Hebrews from the Old Testament,
it is always from the LXX (the Septuagint Version), and some of these
differ from what has now become the accepted Hebrew text - the Masoretic.
(Example - Hebrews 1:6
- "Let all the angels of God worship Him." This is quoted
from Deut. 32:43
LXX, but is not found in the Hebrew text. See KJV on
b. -- The
term, TA hagia,
functions in Hebrews as a noun, and is derived from the adjective,
This word as used in the LXX in reference to the sanctuary, and its
two apartments, varies. The singular form is used to denote the holy
place (Ex. 26:33),
and the Most Holy Place (Lev.
16:2), as well as the sanctuary as a whole (Lev.
But the plural form is also used to designate the sanctuary as a whole
When the two are separately distinguished in relationship to each
other, the singular (ton
hagion) is used for the first apartment, and the singular
plus the genitive plural (ton
hagion ton hagion) is used for the second apartment (Ex.
In the construction of the sanctuary as outlined in the Old Testament,
the two apartments were spoken of as a unit, and called the tabernacle
or tent. (Ex. 26:15-18)
But in the book of Hebrews, each apartment is noted as a separate
tabernacle. (Heb. 9:2-3)
At the beginning of the 9th Chapter of Hebrews, specific definitions
for the use of TA hagia
are given. By itself it is used for the first apartment, tabernacle
With the addition of the plural genitive - hagion
- the phrase is used to denote the Most Holy Place, or the
second tabernacle. Honest ,and accurate interpretation would demand
that these designations apply to all uses of these terms following
inasmuch as the LXX varies in the use of the words. Another factor
is important. After the definitive verses, the term applied to the
Most Holy Place never occurs again in the book, which leaves only
one conclusion that all uses of TA
hagia in Hebrews following Heb.
9:2-3 refer to the first apartment of the sanctuary whether
the earthly or the heavenly.
What about the one use prior to Heb
9:2-3, and the use of the singular form in Heb.
9:1? In Heb.
9:1, the use of the singular can be understood as used
in the LXX to refer to the sanctuary as a whole. Prior to this point,
there had been no separation of the sanctuary into two tabernacles.
In Heb. 8:2,
the literal meaning of the plural form - "holy things" -
fits the context. Christ became "minister of holy things and
of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man."
Function of the High Priest in the Sanctuary Ritual. TOP
It is suggested
that the imagery of the book of Hebrews refers to the ministry of
the High Priest on the Day of Atonement. Thus the expression - TA
hagia must refer in some of the verses to the second apartment,
or Holy of Holies. See Hebrews
9:12-14; 13:11. What was the role of the High Priest in
the earthly sanctuary?
The High Priest officiated in the offering of the sin offerings wherein
corporate guilt was involved. (Lev.
4:3-6, 13-17.) The blood was brought into the tabernacle,
and the carcass of the animal was burned without the camp. (Lev.
4-11-12; 21; compare with Heb.
13:11) The offering in each incident was a bull.
At the close of each one of the monthly and/or annual feast days and/or
weeks, a kid of the goats was offered as a sin offering. Note the
p 40 -- and
1. -- The
Feast of the New Moon - Numbers
Feast of Unleavened Bread - Numbers
Day of the First Fruits (Pentecost) - Numbers
28:26-30 See also Leviticus
Blowing of the Trumpets - Numbers
Feast of Tabernacles - Numbers
Octave of the Feast of Tabernacles - Numbers
Day of Atonement - Numbers 29:7-11
This kid of the
goat was a sin offering for the congregation (Lev.
9:3, 5; compare with Numbers
28:1-2). Since the High Priest alone officiated at sin
offerings for the whole congregation, the High Priest was the active
and final officiant at all the annual and monthly feasts.
"Once every year" (Heb.
9:7); "Every year" (Heb.
9:25); "Year by year," "Every year"
Are these expressions identical and do they refer to the ministry
of the High Priest on the Day of Atonement? It is obvious from the
context that Hebrews
9:7 is talking about that Day only. The language used in
the Greek is hapax tou
eniautou - once of the year. In the other references, the
phraseology is different - kat'
eniauton - during the year. This word for year (eniautoV)
is not the word used in Hebrews to denote the chronological year.
Rather etoV is used. (Heb.
1:12, 3:9, 17) The word - eniautos
- refers to the cycle of feasts during the year. Once in that cycle,
the High Priest went into the Most Holy Place. (Heb.
9:7) During the cycle the High Priest went frequently into
the Holy Place, or first apartment with the blood of bulls and goats.
THE TIME OF THE CLEANSING OF THE HEAVENLY SANCTUARY
- In the previous study, we observed that the work of Jesus
in the heavens changed from the first apartment of the sanctuary to
the second. Does the Bible give any evidence as to when this change
in His ministry occurred? We noted also, that the work of the priest
in the second apartment pertained to a work of cleansing of the individual
and the sanctuary itself. In the prophecy of Daniel, we find a statement
concerning time linked with the cleansing of the sanctuary which will
cast light upon our question.
Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary
Note - This period
of time could not refer to the earthly sanctuary. Gabriel, commissioned
to make Daniel understand the vision (8:16). declared that
"at the time of the end shall be the vision. " (8:17)
The temple at Jerusalem, which was the successor to the wilderness
tabernacle, was destroyed in 70 A.D. The only sanctuary beyond that
date, referred to in the Bible, is the heavenly Tabernacle where Christ
is ministering as our High Priest. This then is a prophecy which relates
to the last part of the ministry of Christ in heaven. How shall we
understand these 2300 days?
I have appointed thee each day for a year.
Note - Here God
is defining the key for the understanding of prophetic time.
A day in prophecy equals one literal year. Thus the 2300 days
of Daniel would actually be 2300 years. Our problem, therefore, is
to determine when to commence the 2300 day prophecy, so as to find
the time when the cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary began, and the
date when the ministry of Christ changed from the first to the second
apartment of the heavenly sanctuary.
The vision ... which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the
vision; for it shall be for many days. And I Daniel fainted and was
sick certain days.
Note - In
the eighth chapter of Daniel no explanation of the 2300 days is made;
but it does give the reason why the interpretation was delayed. In
the ninth chapter, Daniel seeks to understand certain messages in
the prophecy of Jeremiah and prays concerning their import. (9:2-4)
At the conclusion of the recorded prayer, Gabriel returns. (9:19-21)
His return is for a distinct purpose - "I am now come to give
thee skill and understanding ... therefore understand the matter and
consider the vision." (9:22-23) Gabriel then begins to
explain that which was left unanswered in his previous contact with
Daniel - the 2300 days.
Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people ... Know therefore and
understand that from the going forth of the commandment to restore
and build Jerusalem unto the Messiah ... shall be seven weeks and
three score and two weeks ... And after three score and two weeks
shall Messiah be cut off ... and He shall confirm the covenant with
many for one week. TOP
Note - Here
in these verses we find the breakdown for the first division of the
2300 days. Let us note carefully these sections of the prophecy:
p 42 --
"Seventy weeks" = 70 x 7 = 490 days/years
weeks and three score and two weeks" = 7 + (20 x 3) + 2 =
7 = 483 days/years
week" = I x 7 = 7 days/years
The total number
of weeks given in the break down - 7 + 60 + 2 + 1 - equals 70 weeks,
the time in the first section of the 2300 day prophecy. The starting
point of this prophecy is indicated as "the going forth of the
commandment to restore and build Jerusalem."
7:7c - 8, 11
-- In the seventh year of Artaxerxes the king. And he [Ezra]
came to Jerusalem in the fifth month, which was the seventh year of
the king ... Now this is the copy of the letter that the king Artaxerxes
gave unto Ezra the priest.
Note - The
entire copy of this decree which restored the right of government
and the temple services is found in the remaining verses of Ezra
7. The seventh year of King Artaxerxes of Persia was 457 B.C.
(The margins of many Bibles carry this date.) This then is the starting
date for the 2300 days of Daniel 8:14, and the seventy weeks
of Daniel 9:24.
From the commandment to restore unto the Messiah shall be
seven weeks and three score and two weeks.
Note - The time
of 69 weeks or 483 literal years must be added to the date of 457
BC Naturally, we will obtain an A.D. date since there are more years
required than we have remaining before Christ. How do we go from a
BC point in time to a date in A.D.? The following diagram will illustrate,
so that the procedure can be applied to the prophecy we are studying.
BC A.D. - Timeline
In the diagram
a date was chosen 6 BC and to that date we added 10 years. This brought
us to 5 A. D. To obtain this date mathematically, we would subtract
the BC date from the total number of years desired and add one (10
- 6 + I = 5). Applying this same formula to the prophecy, we would
have this equation - (483 - 457 + 1 = 27 A.D). This was the time for
the appearing of the Messiah, and thus the terminal date for "the
seven weeks and three score and two weeks."
1:41 -- We
have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ. (Margin
- The Anointed)
Note - Jesus Christ
is the Messiah. The word - Messiah - in the Hebrew means "anointed".
In Acts 10:38,
we find that Jesus was anointed with the Holy Spirit. This took place
at His baptism according to Luke 3:21-22. The baptism occurred
in the "fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar."
(Luke 3:1) The year was 27 A.D., the exact year specified by
Jesus came ... preaching the gospel ... saying, The time is fulfilled,
... repent ye and believe the gospel.
p 43 -- Note
- What time was fulfilled? There is only one time prophecy concerning
the beginning date for the ministry of the Messiah, and that prophecy
is Daniel 9:25. Thus Jesus proclaimed His Gospel as a valid
message announcing the kingdom of God because the time was fulfilled.
-- In the midst of the
week, He shall cause the sacrifice and oblation to cease.
Note - In
the study of this prophecy, we have now come to the final week of
the 70 Weeks. In the midst (middle), Christ was to cause the sacrifice
to cease. He was to be "cut off" (9:26). One half
of the seven prophetic days would be 3 1/2 years. Adding this to 27
A.D., we have 30 1/2 or 31 A.D. By noting the Passovers which Jesus
attended after His baptism, we can determine the year that He was
to be "cut off" on the cross. TOP
John 1:32-33 --- Baptism noted -------27 A.D.
2. -- John 2:13 --------First Passover --------28
3. -- John 5:1 ---------Second Passover ----29
4. -- John 6:4 ---------Third Passover --------30
5. -- John 13:1 --------Final Passover -------31
Of this final
passover, it states "Now before the feast of the Passover, when
Jesus knew that His hour was come that He should depart out of this
world unto the Father." Again the time element in the life of
Jesus is noted. Jesus knew about the schedule of His life. He was
on time! Again prophecy is fulfilled. As the Lamb, He offered Himself
on time, and as the great High Priest, He will do that work on time.
Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people.
Note - At
the close of the 69 weeks, there was only one week left, broken by
the death of Christ. By adding 7 years to 27 A.D., The date that marked
the end of the 69 weeks, we come to 34 A.D., which would mark the
end of the full 70 weeks. This was the time allotted to the Jewish
people as the chosen nation under God. The nation sealed its probation
in the stoning of Stephen and the persecution of the Church.
This violence sent the Church "every where preaching the word."
(Acts 8:1-4) This was in A.D. 34. It was at this point that
Paul, who was to be the Apostle to the Gentiles, was converted.
8:14 -- Unto
two thousand and three hundred days, then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.
Note - The
70 weeks consumed 490 years of the total of 2300. This leaves us only
1810 years to account for. (2300 - 490 = 1810) By adding 1810 years
to 34 A.D., We arrive at the date - 1844 A. D. This then was the time
foretold for the cleansing of the sanctuary to begin. It was the time
that Jesus, our great High Priest, began His final work in the second
apartment of the sanctuary above.
Once in the end of the world hath He appeared to put away
sin by the sacrifice of Himself ... after this the judgment: ...
unto them that look for Him shall He appear the second time without
sin unto salvation.
Note - The
text reads literally - "Now once in the end of the ages"
Christ came to put away sin. When
He comes the second time, it will be without sin. The first
Advent was the coming to be the Sacrifice. His second coming
will be the full salvation for those who accepted Him as their Sacrifice.
Prior, in the judgment as the High Priest, He completes the cleansing
from sin. Full of meaning was the admonition - "Wherefore, holy
brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle
and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus." (Heb. 3:1)
The judgment was set, and the books were opened.
p 44 --Note
- These verses picture the scene of the Heavenly Judgment before
the Ancient of days. Jesus as the Son of man is brought before Him
to receive a kingdom, and an everlasting dominion. (Daniel 7:13-14)
Further it is stated that judgment in rendered in favor of the saints
of the most High, "and the time came that the saints possessed
the kingdom." (Daniel 7:22) How can we then be included
in that kingdom?
He that overcometh, ... I will not blot out his name out of the book
of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before
Note - He
that overcometh will have his name retained in the book of life, and
will not be hurt of the second death. (Rev. 2:11; 20:15) The
issue comes down to a single bottom line - what does it mean to overcome?
The same book gives the answer: - "They over came him (the devil)
by the blood of the Lamb, and the word of their testimony; and they
loved not their lives unto death." (Rev. 12:11 ) Those
who are saints and for whom the judgment is rendered have been washed
in the blood of the Lamb (7:14), and are willing to follow
the Lamb even if it costs them their all - even life itself.
- In this remarkable prophecy of Daniel
8:14 and 9:24-27,
we have pictured before us the two-fold work of Jesus. In the first
section of the prophecy, there is revealed the time when He would
come to present Himself as the Lamb of God, and the final date of
the prophecy - 1844 - reaches to the hour when as our High Priest,
Jesus would enter the Most Holy Place of the Heavenly Tabernacle to
begin His final work for His people - to cleanse them from all sin.
We are living in the final hours of that intercession. Soon Jesus
will come without sin unto salvation.
8:14 in DIAGRAM
p 45 -- Lessons
#8 & #9 -- QUIZ -- (Fill
in the blanks) TOP
We are asked to ____ Jesus Christ, the High Priest of our profession,
so doing we find that He is serving in a ____ in heaven, which the
Lord ____ and not ____.
The earthly priests of the Old Testament served unto an _____ and
____ of the heavenly reality. In the earthly service only the ____
priest could go into the second apartment, and then only ____ a year.
Since Jesus is our ____ priest, His major work will be performed in
the ____ apartment of the heavenly ____.
The atonement prefigured in the daily ministration of the earthly
sanctuary always resulted in ____, while the yearly atonement prefigured
In Bible prophecy a day equals ____ ____. Text: ____ ____ : ____.
The first important point Gabriel told Daniel regarding the 2300 days
was that the vision would extend to the ____ of the ____. Before the
was completed, Daniel fainted. Give the text which explains the
vision after Gabriel returned: Daniel ____: ____ - ____.
The vision of the 2300 Days began with the commandment to restore
and build Jerusalem in ____ BC The first combined period of 69 weeks
or ____ literal years, extended to the Messiah, or the ____ One. Jesus
became the Messiah officially at His baptism in ____ A.D. In the ____
of the ____, or 3 1/2 years after His baptism, He was to be cut off.
This was a prophecy of His crucifixion which occurred in ____ A.D.
The 70 Weeks ended in ____ A.D. By adding the remaining 1810 years
of the 2300 prophetic days to this date, we come to ____ A.D. In this
year, our High Priest entered into the ____ apartment of the heavenly
sanctuary to begin the final work of ____.
When Jesus returns the second time, it will be without ____ unto ____.
and interpretation of Daniel
8:14 as given in this Lesson is a unique study. Because
of this, those who oppose this teaching offer certain objections,
and present what they consider problems to its acceptance. These need
to be carefully considered:
Is the word, "cleansed" as used in the KJV in Daniel
8:14 a correct translation, or should the word be, "justified"?
What is the relationship between Daniel 8 & 9 linguistically?
Can the 2300 days be considered as literal time?
p 46 -- 4.
In the context of Daniel
8:9-14, how is "daily" (tamid)
related to the "days" of Daniel
8:14 ("evenings and mornings.")
(Response): -- "Cleansed" or "Justified"? Which?
the margin of the KJV (Oxford Press edition) for Daniel 8:14,
the word translated "cleansed" is noted in the Hebrew to
be "justified." This is true. The Hebrew Bible (Massoretic
Text) has the word - tzah-dak
- a correct rendering of which for this verse would be "justified."
However, in the Septuagint (LXX), the word is katharisthesetai,
a future passive of katharizo.
Likewise in the Vulgate (Latin version), the word is mundabitur,
a future passive meaning, "shall be cleansed." Of these
three versions ' the LXX is the most ancient (200-100 BC) and thus
closest to the actual writing of Daniel. The Vulgate was the Old Testament
translation into Latin by Jerome in the 4th Century A.D. The Masssoretic
Text was produced by Jewish scholars at Tiberias in Palestine about
900 A.D. It, however, was based upon an accepted text developed by
the Hebrew sage, Hillel, and the school he founded. This text became
fixed early in the 1st Century A.D. (See Bible Review, Vol. 1,
#2, pp. 12-25)
scholars believe that all of Daniel
was originally written in the Aramaic, and the Aramaic word for Daniel
only be translated, "cleansed," as was done in the LXX and
Vulgate. (See Studies in Daniel, by H. Louis Ginsberg, pp.
41-42, 79) Thus in three languages, the Greek, Latin, and the language
the book was originally written, the KJV version is sustained.
between Daniel 8:14,
and Leviticus 16
is easily traceable through the LXX, the most ancient of all translations
of the Hebrew Bible. There,
Leviticus 16:30 reads in the KJV - "For on that day
shall the [high] priest make an atonement for you to cleanse you,
that ye may be clean from all your sins before the Lord." In
the LXX the same verse reads - "For on this day he shall make
an atonement for you, to cleanse you from all your sins before the
Lord, and ye shall be purged." The single Greek word for
"ye shall be purged" is the same Greek word in Daniel
8:14 for "shall be cleansed," differing only
in person & number. (Dan.
3rd person, singular while Leviticus
16:30 - 2nd person plural) TOP
(Response): -- The Words for "Vision" in Daniel 8
& 9 --
Two different words are translated "vision" in these two
chapters. One is ghah-zohn
and covers the whole of a vision. For examples see - "The vision
of Isaiah" (1:1)
and "The vision of Obadiah" (1:1).
The other is mar'eh, and when translated "vision"
refers to an aspect, or part of the whole vision. For example, in
Daniel 8:15, the word, ghah-zohn
is used for the word, "vision," and mar'eh
is translated - "appearance."
the listings for the word - vision - in Daniel
8 & 9:
8:1, 2 (2x), 13,
15, 17, 26 (2nd use); 9:21,
8:15 (appearance), 16,
26 (first use), 27;
9:23 - mar''eh.
can be drawn. The 2300 days (evenings and mornings) are referred to
as a mar'eh
Gabriel had specific instructions to make Daniel understand the mar'eh
It was that part of the vision (mar'eh)
which was left - unexplained as the eighth chapter closes (Daniel
8:27). When Gabriel returned to Daniel, he specifically
stated - "Understand the matter, and consider the mar'eh"
Furthermore, Daniel specifically states that when Gabriel returned,
he was the one "whom I had seen in
p 47 --
the vision (ghah-zohn)
at the beginning." (Daniel
9:21) Thus the part in Daniel
9:24-27 is linked linguistically to the whole of Daniel
(Response): -- Literal Time vs Prophetic Time
- "the third year of Belshazzar" - and Daniel
9 - "the first year
of Darius" - there is approximately 11 years. There are those
who suggest that the 2300 evenings and mornings are half days, thus
making 1150 full days, or
about 3 years and 2 plus months. Those who grant the 2300 days as
full days have approximately 6 years and 5 months. If Daniel entertained
any idea that the prophecy was in literal time - keep in mind that
in the 3rd year of Belshazzar he was not told when the vision of the
2300 days was to begin - it was dispelled after 11 years had passed.
When he saw that the 70 years of Jeremiah were about expire and nothing
had happened to bring about the "cleansing of the sanctuary,"
- also keep in mind that the vision of Daniel 8 began with
a representation of Medo-Persia - Daniel entered into "prayer,
and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes." (Daniel
9:3) It was then that Gabriel returned and gave the only
explanation acceptable for the prophecy of Daniel
8:14 - it was to be considered in accordance with prophetic
time - a day for a year. (Ezekiel
There is no way that Daniel
9:24-27 can be properly understood except this principle
be applied. Would God, who prior to the beginning of the fulfillment
of the vision of the 2300 days indicated prophetic time only, now
2300 days are completed indicate a reapplication in literal time as
is now being advocated by some? TOP
(Response): -- "Tamid" and the 2300 Days --
In Daniel 8:9-14,
which is the full context for the setting of the 14th verse, the word
tamid is translated "daily" three times. In the
KJV, the word "sacrifice is added to complete its meaning. While
tamid is used as a substantive in Daniel, it is used elsewhere
either as an adverb or an adjective. The substantive use in Daniel
would indicate an adjectival force, thus requiring for proper translation
of thought a noun, such as "sacrifice."
It is of interest
that A. T. Jones in
discussing this prophecy of Daniel, while recognizing that the word,
"sacrifice" had been supplied, well knew that the
"daily" could not be a symbolism of paganism. He suggested
& 29 as
a source for the word to be used with tamid
to give its meaning. He wrote:
28 and 29 alone, the word is used seventeen times, referring to
the continual service of the sanctuary.
And it is this
continual service of Christ, the true High Priest, "who continueth
ever," and who is consecrated forevermore" in
an "unchangeable priesthood" - it is this continual service
of our great High Priest, which the man of sin, the Papacy, has
taken away. It is the sanctuary and the true tabernacle in which
this true High Priest exercises His continual ministry that
has been cast down by the transgression of desolation." (The
Consecrated Way, pp. 99-100; Emphasis his.)
However, as incisive
as Jones' conclusions may be, the use of "continual" (tamid)
in Numbers 28 and 29,
is always without exception, connected with the words, "burnt
offering, " not "ministry." And it is in this sense
that the first use of the word, tamid,
as an adjective is found in the Bible. In Exodus
29:42, it reads, referring to the morning and evening sacrifices:
be a continual (tamid) burnt offering throughout your generations
at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the Lord,
where I will
p 48 --
to speak there unto thee."
It is in connection
with the morning and evening sacrifices that we can see the relationship
between tamid and the 2300 days of Daniel
The Hebrew word
for day is yom This word is not used in Daniel
8:14 for the 2300 "days" (KJV), but rather the
phrase, "evenings and mornings." This very phraseology connects
it with the word, tamid, thus specifically associating the
Prophecy with the Hebrew sanctuary service. However, there is a reversal
of terms. The daily sacrifice was in its inauguration spoken of as
a morning and evening burnt offering. (Exodus
30:38-39) In Daniel
8:14, the days are noted as "evenings and
mornings." This harks back to creation when the original
days were made - "There was evening, there was morning, day one."
Heb) Thus while connecting Daniel
8:14 with the sanctuary service of the Old Testament through
the symbolism derived from tamid, it was also telling the reader
that full days - not half days - were to be understood for prophetic
interpretation. "There were 2300 evenings; there were 2300 mornings,
For further discussion
- See Appendix D.
Note - For
the most part all words transliterated from the Hebrew into English
follow the Englishman's Hebrew and Chaldee Concordance. TOP
CHRIST, OUR COMING KING
p 49 --
-- Let not your heart be troubled ... In my Father's house
are many mansions ... I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go
... I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am,
there ye may be also.
Note - This
is the greatest unfulfilled promise and prophecy in all the Bible.
The return of Jesus, has been the hope and expectation of the church
in all ages. This wonderful promise is based on only one condition
- "If I go - I will come again." If He went, then He is
sure to return.
And when He [Jesus] had spoken these things, while they beheld, He
was taken up; and a cloud received Him out of their sight. And while
they looked ... two men stood by them ... which also said ... This
same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come
in like manner as ye have seen Him go into heaven.
Note - The
disciples to whom Jesus had made the wonderful promise of John
14:1-3 now see Him go into heaven.
And two angel-messengers reassure the gazing disciples that this same
Jesus will return
again. These angels emphasize that the return will be "in like
manner" as they have seen go. Why is this important? That brings
us to our next text.
-- There shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and
shall shew great signs and wonders ... believe it not. For as the
lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west;
so shall the coming of the Son of man be.
Note - Since
there will arise false christs seeking to disturb the very elect,
then it behooves us know from the Word of God, the exact way and manner
that the true Christ Jesus will return the proceeding verses (Acts
1:9-11) are to be found three ways in which the disciples
observed His departure. (1)
A cloud received Him." (2)
They "beheld" Him as He went up. And (3)
"Same" Jesus would return. It would not be a "spirit"
return, for Jesus went bodily into heaven. The angels declared that
Jesus would come again "in like manner." Let us check.
-- And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven:
and then shall all the tribes of earth mourn, and they shall see the
Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
And He shall send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and
they shall gather together His elect.
Note - This
statement by Jesus is very important. He declares that when He returns
all the tribes of earth will see Him. At that very time, the elect
will be gathered. Who are the Elect? TOP
-- Elect ... through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience
and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ.
Note - Peter
defines the elect as those sanctified by the Spirit and sprinkled
with the blood of Jesus. These he says have obtained "a lively
hope." (Verse 3) At the sounding of the trumpet, the "elect"
are in two categories. Note the next verse.
p 50 --
-- The Lord Himself shall descend from heaven with a shout,
and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall arise
first: Then we which are alive ... shall be caught up together with
them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever
be with the Lord.
Note - From
these verses, it will be observed that the "elect" are composed
of those who have died in Christ., and the righteous who are alive
on the earth, noted by Paul as "we." Since this letter is
addressed to the "church" (I Thess. 1:1). we conclude
the "we" to be the church. Another important factor in these
verses is the revelation that Jesus does not touch the earth when
He comes the second time. We meet Him "in the air," and
from that point, we shall "ever be with the Lord." The return
of Jesus also marks a resurrection - "the dead in Christ shall
arise first." This is called the "First" Resurrection.
This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is
he that hath part in the first resurrection.
Note - The
second coming of Christ concerns primarily those only who are blessed
and holy. "The rest of the dead lived not again till the thousand
years were finished." (20:5) Thus Jesus' return and the
resurrection of the just mark the beginning of that remarkable prophecy
of Revelation 20 - The 1000 Years. (The Millennium) TOP
BEGINNING OF THE 1000 YEARS
And I saw another angel ... having the key of the bottomless pit
... . and he laid hold on ... Satan and bound him a thousand years,
and cast him into the bottomless pit ... till the thousand years should
Note - Two
expressions should be noted in these verses:
(1) The term - "bottomless pit."
To interpret this expression literally, would mean a pit without a
bottom, and such an implication would make the prophecy ridiculous,
for Satan comes out of the pit after the 1000 years. (20:7)
The two words are a translation of a single Greek word - abussos
- which means simply an abyss. In the LXX, the translators used this
Greek word in Genesis 1:2, to translate the Hebrew word t'hohm.
This word is used to describe the earth before God began the process
of organization of the mass He had created on the first day. The word
is thus used again and applied to the state of the earth as it will
be for 1000 years after the return of Jesus the second time. (2)
The second expression is the word - "bound" - in connection
with Satan's inability to deceive the nations for 1000 years. How
is this possible? Let us divide all humanity, alive and dead, into
four groups, and find out what happens to each group at the
return of Jesus the second time:
righteous living - "caught up to meet Jesus in the air.-
(I Thess 4:17)
righteous dead - "The dead in Christ shall arise first."
"They lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years."
(I Thess. 4:16; Rev. 20:4c, 6b)
wicked living - Destroyed at the "presence of the Lord."
(II Thess. 1:7-10)
wicked dead - Lived not till the thousand years were completed.
On the basis of
this deduction, there is not a single human being alive on the earth
after Jesus comes the second time. The earth returns to a state of
chaos which becomes Satan's abode for 1000 years. Jeremiah the prophet
also pictures these conditions.
I beheld the earth, and lo, it was without form and void ... I beheld
and lo, there was no man ... I beheld, and lo, the fruitful place
was a wilderness, and all the cities
p 51 --
were broken down at the presence of the Lord, and by His fierce anger.
For thus hath the Lord said, The whole land shall be desolate; yet
will I not make a full end. TOP
-- The Lord hath a controversy with the nations ... He will
give them that are wicked to the sword ... And the slain of the Lord
shall be at that day from one end of the earth even to the other end
of the earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried,
they shall be dung upon the ground.
Note - The
wages of sin is death, and here among the dead Satan and his angels
will be confined for 1000 years to view and contemplate the results
of his rebellion.
THE 1000 YEARS
20:4 -- I
saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them
... and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.
Note - The
Bible in other references teaches that the redeemed will become a
part of the judgment process. Jesus told His disciples that they would
judge the tribes of Israel. (Matt. 19:28) Paul declares that
the saints will judge the world and angels. (I Cor. 6:2-3)
All that is involved in this judgment, we shall have to leave until
that day when Christ shall set His "elect" upon those thrones.
We do know that this period will be a time of adjustment as the saints
acclimate themselves for the eternity ahead. We shall come to understand
many things which are now only a mystery.
CLOSE OF THE 1000 YEARS
And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out
of his prison, and shall go forth to deceive the nations.
Note - These
nations are declared to be in the four quarters of the earth. The
wicked who had been slain at the presence of the Lord at His second
coming, and those who did not come forth in the first resurrection
now arise in a "second" resurrection. With beings
once more to tempt, Satan is no longer restricted - bound - and goes
forth to deceive.
20:9 -- And
they [the nations] went forth on the breadth of the earth, and compassed
the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came
down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.
Note - The
beloved city is the New Jerusalem, which John saw coming down from
God out of heaven. (Rev. 21:2) This city with its many mansions
is the camp of the saints as they return with Jesus at the close of
the 1000 years. (Zechariah 14:4-5) As the wicked seek to take
the city by battle, fire from God devours them. This is called the
second death. (Rev. 20:14-15) This fire also purifies
the earth. TOP
21:1, 5 -- And
I saw a new heaven, and a new earth ... And He that sat upon the throne
said, Behold I make all things new.
p 52 -- Revelation
22:1, 3 --
And he shewed me a pure river of the water of life, clear as
out of throne of God and of the Lamb and
there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb
shall be in it and His servants shall serve Him.
SAINTS IN HEAVEN
The time of the
final judgment is referred to in Revelation
the judgment before the "great white throne." (20:11)
As one brings together the picture as described in these final chapters
of Revelation, a tremendous scene emerges. The Holy City has come
down to earth, and is described as "the camp of the saints."
above the city appears the Throne of the Eternal - and the books of
human record are opened. Before the Throne stand all the children
of Adam in one first and final family reunion. (20:12)
Consider as you envision the scene a few of those who will be there:
Cain and Abel
will be there; Abel inside the jasper wall, Cain without. The last
time they had seen each other, Abel's eyes were closing in death,
and Cain's heart was burning with revengeful hate. Now the record
is seen clearly. His refusal to acknowledge his need of a substitute
has cost him dearly - the Holy City is forever closed to him.
Jacob and Esau
will be there; Jacob within, Esau without. Again the books disclose
the record. Esau's abhorrence of the birthright has cost him his right
to the city of God.
Paul and Agrippa
will be there; Paul within. Agrippa without. As Agrippa sees the record,
he will be reminded of that day when Paul pled with him to believe
on the Lord Jesus Christ. He will hear again those fateful words he
uttered - "Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian."
As his gaze turns to the glory radiating from the Holy City, he will
realize as never before the price of "almost."
You and I will
be in this scene somewhere. At the first resurrection, we will either
meet the Lord in the air, or perish at His presence. During the 1000
years we will either be with Jesus, or lay as "dung" on
the earth. Then in the family reunion we will either be inside or
outside the city of God. The choice is ours now to make as to where
we will be in the picture projected by this final time prophecy of
the Bible. TOP
p 53 --
Lesson #10 -- QUIZ
-- (Fill in the blanks)
The greatest unfulfilled prophecy in the Bible is the promise of Jesus
found in ____ ____:____, which says,"_____ ____ ____ ____."
When Jesus returns the second time, the ____ of earth will mourn,
because they ____ Him come. On the other hand, when the ____ of God
shall sound, the ____ in Christ ____ _____ first, and the ____ ____
will be caught up to meet the Lord ____ ____ ____ , and so they shall
____ ____ with ____ ____.
The resurrection of the righteous is called the ____ ____ and marks
the beginning of the ____ ____.
During the 1000 years the earth will be ____, and without a living
human ____. Here
for this period will be the prison of ____ . Those who are slain
by the presence of the Lord will lie as ____ on the earth, and will
not be ____.
5. -- During
the 1000 years, the righteous will be with Christ in heaven, sitting
upon ____ of ____.
6. -- After
the 1000 years the wicked will be resurrected, and Satan will then
seek to deceive them into believing that they can take the camp of
the saints which is the ____ ____. But ____ comes down from God and
____ them. This is the ____ death.
7. -- After
the destruction of the wicked, God will make ____ ____ new. Then on
this earth will be established the _____ of the ____ and His ____
shall ____ Him.
#11 -- MAN
- HERE AND HEREAFTER
p 54 --
1:27 -- God created man in His own image,
in the image of God created He him.
Note - In
studying the nature of man in this life, and the life to come, we
must first determine what man received from God in the beginning.
Did man receive an immortal soul or spirit? What did this likeness
to God mean?
2:7 -- The
Lord God formed man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into
his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. TOP
Note - The
component parts of a living soul are the dust of the ground and the
"breath of life." The
first question to be resolved is simply - Did this "breath of
life" give to man an immortal soul or spirit?
2:17 -- Of
the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of
it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
Note - If
God had given to man an immortal soul or spirit, then it would have
been absurd to tell him that if he transgressed, he would die; for
he could not have died. Also, because of transgression, if man had
been created with an immortal soul, sin would have become immortalized
with no way for it to be eradicated. But we find that God took all
precautions to confine sin after it entered this world, and then to
plan for its final extinction.
And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us ...
and now lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life,
and live, forever: therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the
garden of Eden.
Note - Driven
from Eden, our first parents entered a world outside without an immortal
soul or spirit, or access to the tree of life. Thus when man would
be called to yield up the "breath of life," he would return
to the original component - dust. This is exactly what God told man
- "Dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return." (Genesis
OLD TESTAMENT TESTIMONY
-- So man lieth down, and riseth not: till the heavens be no
more ... . 0 that Thou wouldest hide me in the grave ... if a man
die shall he live again? All the days of my appointed time will I
wait till my change come.
-- For I know that my Redeemer liveth and though after my skin
worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall
I see God: Whom I shall see for myself, and my eyes shall behold.
As for me, I will behold Thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied,
when I awake, with Thy likeness.
p 55 -- Psalm
His [man's] breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth: in that
very day his thoughts perish.
-- For the living know that they shall die,
but the dead know not anything ... There is no work, nor device, nor
knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave whither thou goest. TOP
Note - To
these texts, other Scriptures could be added. (Isaiah 28:18-19;
Daniel 12:13) The picture of man in the Old Testament is that
he dies, his thoughts cease, he goes to the grave, back to dust to
await a day when he shall again awaken. There is no concept
of something immortal, eternal, leaving man at death to continue in
another sphere of existence. The dead know not anything.
NEW TESTAMENT TESTIMONY
2:14 -- Forasmuch
then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, He [Jesus]
also Himself took part of the same; that through death He might destroy
him that had the power of death.
Note - The New
Testament presents Jesus on a mission to destroy death. Now, if at
death, we do not die, but live on, then Jesus is placed in a position
of destroying not death, but life. But He came that we might have
life, and have it more abundantly. (John 10:10)
11 :25 --
I am the resurrection and the life: he that believeth on Me, though
he were dead, yet shall he live.
-- Our friend Lazarus sleepeth; but I go, that I may awake
him out of sleep ... Jesus said unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead.
Note - To
Jesus who is the resurrection and the life, death is only a sleep.
He destroyed the stranglehold of death: and changed it from an endless
sleep to a temporary sleep, which He alone can break. He demonstrated
that power in the case of Lazarus. When He came to the tomb, He called,
"Lazarus come forth. And he that was dead came forth."
(John 11:43-44) This is what Jesus plans to do at the end of the
age on a wider and grander scale.
Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in which all that
are in the graves shall hear His voice, and shall come forth.
Note - In
that coming day, the grave, the resting place of the dead, shall no
longer hold her captives. He who destroyed the power of death will
call them forth, "they that have done good unto the resurrection
-- Behold I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but
we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye,
at the last trump: for the trump shall sound, and the dead shall be
raised incorruptible ... So when this corruptible shall have put on
incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then
... Death is swallowed up in victory. TOP
Note - Only
when the last trumpet shall sound will men experience victory over
death. Not until then will men receive immortality. This gift is for
the righteous only. A man, not spiritually born again, never shares
in this gift of eternal life. John declares, "Ye know that no
murderer hath eternal life abiding in him." (I John 3:15)
Hence the wicked, when they are resurrected - the resurrection
of damnation - possess the same type of life they had when alive
on the earth in their first
p 56 -- Section
#4 -- THE
REWARDS OF LIFE
-- Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these,
ye did it not unto Me. And these shall go away into everlasting punishment:
but the righteous into life eternal.
6:23 -- The
wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through
Jesus Christ our Lord.
Note - The
wicked receive a reward that is the opposite to the reward of the
righteous. Since they do not have eternal life, they receive death
- eternal or everlasting death. This death results from the direct
judgment of God.
20:9 -- And
they [the wicked] went up on the breadth of the earth ... and fire
came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.
Note - In Lesson
#10, we learned that this event occurred at the end of the 1000 years,
when Christ and His saints have returned to earth to abide in the
Holy City. The wicked dead, coming up in the second resurrection,
are marshaled by the devil before the New Jerusalem. At that point,
God sends fire to devour them. Since they do not possess an immortal
spirit, or eternal life, they are consumed. They have no power to
resist the fire of God. It is the end for them. They are then visited
with "everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord."
(II Thess. 1:9)
TESTIMONY OF THE BIBLE ON THE REWARD OF THE WICKED
-- The field is the world; ... the tares are the children of
the wicked one; ... as therefore the tares are gathered and burned
in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world.
4:1, 3 --
For behold the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven, and all the
proud, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that
cometh shall burn them up, saith the Lord of hosts, that it shall
leave them neither root nor branch ... they shall be ashes ... in
the day that I do this, saith the Lord of hosts.
-- The wicked shall perish, and the enemies of the Lord shall
be as the fat of lambs. For yet a little while, and the wicked shall
not be. TOP
Behold, they shall be as stubble; the fire shall burn them; they shall
not deliver themselves from the power of the flame: there shall not
be a coal to warm at, nor fire to sit before it.
Note - The
testimony of Jesus, and the prophets, are agreed that the wicked shall
burn up; they shall be as ashes upon the earth. When the devouring
fire has completed its work, there shall not be left a coal to warm
before. Before man is a choice. Live as you desire, and the end will
be death - total extinction. But to choose the way of Christ is to
have life - real living now - and life everlasting hereafter.
p 57 -- QUIZ
SHEET - Lesson 11 -- True and False. If the statement
is true, circle the "T"; but if any part of the statement
is false, circle the letter, "F".
When God created man in His own image, He gave to man the very substance
of Himself ... ... ... ... T -- F
The formula for the creation of man could be written: Dust + Breath
of life = Living soul ... ... ... ... T -- F
This formula transposed reveals the nature of death: Living soul -
Breath of life = Dust ... ... ... T -- F
Adam left the garden of Eden not as an immortal sinner but as a mortal
man ... ... T -- F
Solomon declared that the living know that they shall die, but the
dead do not know anything ... ... ... ... .T -- F
David asked the question - "If a man die, shall he live again?"
... ... ... T -- F
We develop immortal -life by living a life like Jesus lived ... ...
... ... T -- F
Jesus Christ changed an endless sleep into a temporary sleep, so that
death need cause no fear for His followers ... ... ... ... T -- F
Corruption and mortality have the same meaning in I Cor. 15:51-54,
and apply to the same groups of people ... ... ... ...T -- F
10. -- Immortality
is the state which those who do not taste death put on at the second
of Christ ... ... ... ... T -- F TOP
The rewards of life are the same for both the righteous and the wicked,
the only difference
is that they are in different places ... ... ... ... T -- F
After the 1000 years when the wicked are gathered before the Holy
City, the fire of God comes down and devours them ... ... ... ...
T -- F
There is a fiery hell now into which God consigns the wicked until
the day of judgment ... ... ... ... T -- F
The root of wickedness is the devil, and the branches are his followers,
God completes the payment of the wages for sin, all sin and sinners
will be no more . . T -- F
We have a voice in our hereafter, and that decision is made here ...
... ... ... T -- F
p 58 -- Section
#1 -- What
Is the "Spirit"?
Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit
shall return unto God who gave it.
Note - What
is the "spirit" which returns to God who gave it? Many assume
that this "spirit" has life
and being, and in the "spirit world" to which it goes, there
will be a continued conscious existence. This verse says simply that
it will "return unto God who gave it." If there is a conscious
existence after death, then there must have been the same conscious
pre-existence. To draw this conclusion is to adopt the teachings of
Mormonism and the Hindu doctrine of the transmigration of the soul.
But how are we to understand the word, "spirit," in this
-- Yea, surely God will not do wickedly ... If He set His heart
upon men, if He gather unto Himself His spirit, and His breath; all
flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again unto dust.
Note - The
spirit that returns to God is God's spirit, God's breath. Jesus said,
"The words that I
speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life." (John
6:63) He demonstrated the power of that word by calling to the
dead Lazarus, "Come forth." The record is - "He that
was dead came forth." (John 11:43-44) The words formed
by the breath of God's mouth are spirit, and they give life. This
is the very way that man was created in the beginning. (Ps. 33:6,
Thief on the Cross
-- And he [the thief] said unto Jesus, Lord
remember me when Thou comest in Thy kingdom. And Jesus said unto him,
Verily I say unto thee today shalt thou be with me in paradise.
Note - In
the text quoted above the answer of Jesus is left unpunctuated.
The punctuation as given in the KJV is that of the translators. To
correctly punctuate what Jesus really said, we must find the answer
to three questions: 1) What and where is
paradise? 2) Did Jesus go to paradise
that day? And 3) What did the thief
What and where is paradise? This is where the throne of
God is. We are told that the tree of life is in the midst of the paradise
of God. (Revelation 2:7) That tree arches the river of life
which flows from the throne of God. (Revelation 22:1-2)
2) -- Did
Jesus go to paradise the day He died? Jesus did not go to paradise
the day of the crucifixion. He died on Friday, the preparation day.
(Luke 23:52-54) On the first day of the week after He arose,
He said to Mary, "I have not yet ascended to My Father."
(John 20:17) To make this text infer that Jesus went to paradise
with the thief the day of the crucifixion is to make Jesus contradict
3) -- For
what did the thief ask? The thief merely wanted to be remembered
when Christ set up His kingdom. Jesus had declared that His kingdom
would be inaugurated when He returns the second time in His glory
accompanied by the angelic hosts. (Matthew 25:31) The thief
needed the assurance of hope and pardon before he died. It was such
a hope that Jesus extended to him. He declared - and now we punctuate
the verse in harmony with the facts of Scripture - "Verily I
say unto thee today,
shalt thou be with Me in paradise." We, too, need
hope. We can come to Jesus and say, . "Lord, remember me."
He will respond that very moment, that very day, with the assurance
that He will remember us. TOP
p 59 --
Section #3 -- Preaching
to Spirits in Prison
3:18-20 -- For Christ also hath suffered
for sins ... being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the
Spirit: by which also He went and preached unto the spirits in prison,
which sometimes were disobedient, when once the long-suffering of
God waited in the days of Noah.
Note - Those
who believe in a conscious existence after death refer to this verse
to indicate that Christ conducted a "revival" among the
"disobedient spirits" while His body was confined to Joseph's
tomb. Careful reading of this verse indicates that the same Spirit
which brought life - quickened - Christ, is the One who preached to
the "spirits in prison." Such it was in the days of Noah.
(Gen. 6:3) The phrase itself - "spirits in prison"
- is a figure of speech. Jesus used the expression in His sermon at
Nazareth, quoting from Isaiah. (Luke 4:18) Observe - "Preach
deliverance to the captives." It is sin that makes one a prisoner,
but Jesus through the Holy Spirit seeks to set us free. If that Spirit
which raised Jesus from the dead abides in us, then we, too, can be
freed from the bondage of sin. (Romans 8:11)
Expression - "Forever and Ever"
20:10 -- And the devil that deceived
them was cast into the lake of fire ... and shall be tormented day
and night for ever and ever.
Note - Our
concept of the phrase - "forever and ever" - is based on
present day usage. But we must think in Bible usage. In the Bible,
the law concerning voluntary servitude reads - "And he shall
serve him forever." (Exodus 21:6) Now long could such
a servitude be? Only as long as the individual lived! Then how long
will the lake of fire burn? Only so long as the life of those consigned
there lasts. Since the wicked never receive immortality, and since
they do not possess it, they shall be tormented only so long as their
life shall continue. The fire of that lake is a devouring fire. (Revelation
20:9) This fire "eats" into their bodies, until they
are consumed. (Zechariah 14:12) TOP
-- Cast into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched:
where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.
Note - The term
translated "hell" in these verses is the Greek word, Ghehenna
which refers to the Valley
of Hinnom. In this valley in Old Testament times, living sacrifices
were made to the god, Molech. (Jeremiah 7:31; 32:35) As a deterrent
against this gross idolatry, the valley was turned into the city dump
of Jerusalem. Here the "worms" and the "fire"
continually consumed the garbage. The garbage did not put out the
fire, nor kill the worms. Christ used this valley as an illustration
of the end of all sinners, for outside of the New Jerusalem will be
consigned the "garbage" of earth. The wicked will not be
able to put out the fire of God's judgment.
Sodom is pictured
in the Bible as "suffering the vengeance of eternal fire."
(Jude 7) Is Sodom here today? Was the city able to escape the
fire? Just so, the fire of God is eternal in consequences, and no
man can alter the objective for which it is intended - to cleanse
and purity the earth from sin and sinners.
p 60 -- Section
#6 -- Absent from the Body, Present with the Lord
-- For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle
were dissolved, we have a building of God ... eternal in the heavens.
For this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with our
house which is from heaven ... For we ... do groan ... that mortality
might be swallowed up of life ... knowing that, whilst we are home
in the body, we are absent from the Lord ... We are ... willing rather
to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.
Note - These
verses are interpreted to mean that as soon as one dies, he, if in
a "saved" condition, will
be transported into the presence of God. However, the phraseology
used by Paul in these verses is also to be found in other epistles.
Here he speaks of groaning for a change from the earthly to the heavenly
body. In his epistle to the Romans, Paul wrote that the whole creation
is groaning and travailing in pain, adding - "and not only they,
but ourselves also which have the first fruits of the Spirit, even
we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to
wit, the redemption of our body." (8:22-23) This expectation
of change, this hope of deliverance from the bondage of sin, not only
spiritually, but also physically is the echo of the Scriptures. Job
expressed this expectation in the hope that his Redeemer liveth, and
though there would be a dissolution of the body, yet he would see
God with his own eyes. (Job 19:25-27) David indicated he would
be satisfied when he awoke with the likeness of God, . a restored
image. (Ps. 17:15) But in all of the expectation, there is
a sense of a waiting period. TOP
Paul in writing
the above verses indicated that the objective of the groaning was
"that mortality be swallowed up of life." In his first epistle
to the Corinthians, he had told them when this would be - "at
the last trump." When "this corruptible shall have put on
incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality,"
then death would be swallowed up in victory. (I Corinthians 15:5154).
What then is Paul trying to say in these verses? He is illustrating
what he had just written at the close of the previous chapter. There
is "for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory"
because we look not at what is seen, but the unseen, for "the
things which are not seen are eternal." (II Corinthians 4:17-18)
That new body which will be ours is "eternal in the heavens."
(5:1) We do not see it - "we walk by faith, not by sight."
(5:7) This then becomes an elaboration of what Paul wrote in the
previous letter to the church at Corinth. "If in this life only
we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable." (
I Corinthians 15:19) There is hope - though unseen by mortal
eye - beyond death and the grave. While we must wait till "the
last trump.", The sensation of that waiting is not realized.
this book CLICK Here: Step3(Part3
of3) - Bible Study Guides -- TOP