If I am willing to do what the Bible says, then I will come to its
truthfulness ... ... . . T F
The study of the Bible enables me to have a proud spirit, because
I am able to win any argument about the Bible ... ... . . T F
If I really study the Bible, I will know all there is
to know in a very short period of time ... ... ... . T F
I ask God in prayer to open my eyes to understand the Bible, the
Holy Spirit will come near to guide me into all truth ... ... .
. T F
I will learn what the Bible teaches faster if I seek to prove something
to someone else who doesn't believe the way I do ... ... . . T F
must study the Bible with a teachable spirit ... ... . T F TOP
FOR IN DEPTH STUDY
5 -- Doctrine
-- But God be
thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the
heart that form of doctrine to which you were delivered. And having
been set free from sin, you became slaves of righteousness. (Romans
believed that in giving the Gospel as commissioned, there was involved
a "form of doctrine" which spelled deliverance from the
bondage of sin. Paul admonished Timothy - "
Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; continue in them: for
in doing this thou shalt both save thyself and them that hear thee."
(I Timothy 4:16)
Doctrine based in the Word of God has power because it is truth. The
truth makes one free. (John
8:32) It sanctifies.
(John 17:17) Received into the mind, it is Jesus abiding
in the life, the hope of glory.
(John 14:6; Col. 1:27) The notion that doctrine need not
be emphasized is a deception of the devil.
"He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the
Father and the Son." (II John 9)
This is life eternal. (John
Method of Interpretation
shall we interpret the Scriptures? Shall we consider them as a whole
book, or as sixty-six separate books. If as a whole inspired by the
Holy Spirit (II Peter
1:21), then the interpretation which best fits this concept
is what is known as the analogy of scripture, or what has been dubbed
"the proof-text" method. It means simply gathering
from all the Bible, related concepts, and based on this finding arrive
at a conclusion called a doctrine.
(Isaiah 28:9-10) This is what our spiritual forefathers
did to arrive at truth. In doing this, they were but following the
method of the Apostolic Church as they proclaimed Jesus of Nazareth,
the Messiah. This method they were taught by the resurrected Jesus.
(Luke 24:27, 44) Concerning the belief and zeal of that
early Church, we read:
To the first Christians,
who were Jews, the Law and the Prophets were already sacred. Their
national sacred writings were to them the oracles of God. Though they
could no longer be regarded as containing the whole truth of God.
The coming of the Messiah had revealed God with a completeness that
could not be discovered in the Old Testament.
The word of the
Lord was authoritative as even Moses and the prophets were not. Yet
since all the hopes of the Old Testament seemed to these Jewish Christians
to be fulfilled in Jesus Christ, they more than ever were convinced
that their national sacred books were divinely inspired. From this
source they draw, if not the articles of their creed, at least proofs
and supports of their doctrines. Christ died and arose again, according
to the scriptures.
All the writings
of the Old Testament spoke of Christ to them. Legal enactments, prophetic
utterance, simple historic record, and more emotional psalm, - all
alike could be covered by the phrase, "the scripture says,"
all were treated as of one piece, and by diligent use of type and
allegory single passages torn from any context could be used as proof-texts
to commend or defend belief in Christ. (Encyclopedia Britannica,
Vol. 3, p. 499, col. 2; 1958. Edition) TOP
#2 -- Section
1 -- WHAT IS GOD LIKE?
p 6 -- Introduction
-- In the
first lesson, we observed that Jesus in explaining the Scriptures
concerning Himself, began with "Moses." (Luke
24:27) Moses was the human instrument used by God to pen
the first five books of the Bible. Let us, therefore, in this second
lesson begin where Christ began. To Whom are we introduced?
In the beginning GOD created ...
- As we open
our Bibles, we come face to face with Him Who is the Author of all
life and being. What is God like? Is He one being, or is the
Godhead composed of more than one Person?
Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: ... So God
created man in His own image.
- The words, "us" - "our", suggest at least
a minimum of two Beings. The word for God (Elohim) in Genesis 1:1
is in the plural form.
-- The Lord possessed me in the beginning of His way ...
I was by Him as one brought up with Him.
the figure of "wisdom" it is believed that Christ's pre-existence
is here portrayed as One co-existent with the Eternal. In the New
Testament, Christ is declared to be "the wisdom of God."
(I Corinthians 1:24)
The counsel of peace shall be between them both.
- The concept
in the Old Testament of two Beings sharing the prerogatives of God
is further strengthened by Zechariah 13:7, clearly a Messianic
prophecy. Here the Saviour is portrayed as "the Man that is my
fellow, saith the Lord of hosts." In Isaiah, the Messianic King
of Israel is quoted as saying - "Thus saith the Lord the King
of Israel, and His redeemer the Lord of hosts; I am the first and
I am the last; and beside me there is no God." (Isa. 44:6)
The word for God is the same as in Genesis 1:1, in the plural
Jesus ... the Spirit descending ... a Voice from heaven.
- Matthew in
recording the baptism of Jesus, notes three Persons working in close
association with Each other. The New Testament emphasizes three distinct
Persons. What is the relationship between them?
Christ Jesus ... in the form of God ... equal with God.
- - Since
Jesus Christ is as truly God as the Father is God, we can worship
Him and not violate the commandment which declares - "Thou shalt
have no others gods before Me." The next lesson will increase
our understanding of Jesus Christ.
The Holy Spirit ... thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God.
p 7 --
Note - -
In this experience a man and his wife had sold a piece
of land, and bringing the money to the apostles represented it as
the full price of the land. Peter declared that in so doing, it was
lying to the Holy Spirit. It was not falsifying before a man [a creature]
but was lying to God. The Holy Spirit is set forth as of the essence
and level as God. TOP
2 -- GOD
1: 18 AND
I Timothy 6:15-16 -- No man hath seen God at
anytime. Dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom
no man hath seen, nor can see.
John and Paul indicate that the member of the Godhead we call our
Father, cannot be seen by man. How then can we know what He is like?
1:26 -- In
OUR image after Our likeness.
the beginning the Father and the Son made one man, and declared him
to be in their likeness. Only one earthly illustration conveys such
a picture, that of identical twins. The picture of one looks like
the resemblance of the other.
1:3 -- The
express image of His person.
- The Father and the Son are identical in likeness. By
beholding Jesus, we see the Father's likeness and character. As stated
in John 1:18, the Son who was in the bosom of the Father "hath
1:17 -- The
Father ... with whom there is no variableness.
- In these uncertain
times, how assuring to know that above all the confusion, strife and
turmoil, there is a God to Whom we come as a Father, who does not
vary nor change. We may grow old; our circumstances in life may alter,
but our God does not change. He is ever and always a God of love.
Section 3 --
WHAT GOD REQUIRES
that we can study of God is incomplete. Job asks - "Canst
thou by searching find out God? canst thou find out the Almighty unto,
perfection?" The answer is - No. We see now as through a
smoked glass, but dimly; but we can know of a certainty what God does
require of us.
Must believe that He is ... a rewarder of them that diligently seek
- First, even
though I cannot see Him. I must believe that God IS, and that if I
diligently seek for Him, I will find Him, and He will reward me. However,
this seeking after God must be with singleness of purpose.
Him ONLY shalt thou serve. TOP
- God requires
undivided service and worship. Not our wives, nor our husbands, nor
our children should come between us and God. Our jobs, our social
status, our pleasures are all to be secondary. Him only shalt
p 8 -- John
4:24 -- Must worship Him in spirit and in truth.
- This is a compound
must. Not only must there be worship in spirit such as prayer, singing
of hymns, and testimonies; but this worship must be done according
to truth. Jesus defines truth as " Thy word [God's
word] is truth." John 17:17. Our worship
of God must, therefore, conform to His revealed will in the Bible,
the Word of Truth.
If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou
doest not well, sin lieth at the door.
- Here is an illustration of acceptable and unacceptable
worship. Both Cain and Abel came to worship before the same God. Both
brought offerings. Cain brought what he desired rather than what God
indicated. See Genesis
3:21. God recognized only that worship which was in accordance
with truth - His word. This is the same God with Whom we have to do
today, for "with
Him is no variableness neither shadow of turning." We,
too, must worship Him in truth as well as in spirit if our worship
is to be acceptable in His sight. TOP
I am the way ... no man cometh unto the Father but by Me.
- Jesus Christ
is the way to God. He is the truth and the life. So in the next lesson,
we will study - "Jesus Christ, Who Is He?"
#2 Quiz -- (Fill
in the blanks)
The term - God applies equally to the ___ and the ___ and the ___
Jesus Christ was in the ___ of God, and was ___ to the Father.
We know that the Father has form and substance because Jesus Christ
is declared to be the ___ image of His ___. Text:___.
The first thing in my relationship to God is that I must believe that
I must not serve ___ or ___ more than God.
The worship that God requires must not only be in ___ but also in
To worship in truth means that I must worship according to the ___.
Cain and Abel both worshiped the same God. But God did not accept
offering of the ___ of the ___ because it was not in harmony with
His ___. Abel on the other hand brought a ___ as an ___ to God. This,
God did accept. We must come before the ___ God in worship today.
Our ___ of Him, must therefore be in ___.
Holy Spirit does not belong to the order of ___, but to the order
of Beings we call ___. Text:___.
p 9 -- CONCEPTS
FOR IN DEPTH STUDY
-- Relationship Between Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit
1) -- The Old Testament portrays "the Spirit of God"
as the active agent in Creation.
The New Testament,
states that through "Jesus Christ" all things were created.
The New Testament indicates that "the Holy Spirit" was the
source of all prophetic utterances. (II Peter 1:21) Also called "the
Spirit of Christ."
(I Peter 1:11)
The Old Testament
indicates that Michael holds this prerogative, shared with Gabriel.
the New Testament
Jesus speaks of the Holy Spirit as "another" Comforter.
(John 14:16) The word is allos,
and heteros have a difference in meaning, which despite a tendency
to be lost, is to be observed in numerous passages. Allos expresses
a numerical difference and denotes another of the same sort. Christ
promised to send 'another Comforter' (allos, another like Himself,
not heteros) ... In Luke 23:32 heteroi is used
of the two malefactors crucified with Christ." (A Comprehensive
Dictionary of the Original Greek Words with Their Precise Meaning
for English Readers. p. 62)
While two distinct
Persons, Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit are so much alike that Jesus
could say - though He would depart to the heavens, there to remain
"until the times of restitution of all things" (Acts
3:21) "I will not leave you orphans, I will come unto
you." (John 14:18,
Jesus speaks of the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of truth as "He."
The word is ekeinos
- masculine - while the word for Spirit - pneuma - is in the
The book of Revelation is directed to the Seven Churches.
(Rev. 1:11) In each of the messages given, Jesus Christ
is revealed at the introduction of each with the words - "These
things saith He," and a description given, or as in the case
of Thyatira, it is specifically stated - "These things saith
the Son of God. "
(Rev. 2:18) At the close of each message is to be found
these words - "He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit
saith to the churches."
In the symbolism of Revelation, Jesus is pictured as "a Lamb
as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are
the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth."
(Rev. 5:6) This could symbolize complete power and authority,
and fullness of perception.
(See Matt. 28:18, 20).
#3 -- JESUS
CHRIST - WHO IS HE?
p 10 -- Introduction
-- In Lesson
#2, we discovered that the Council of God is composed of three Beings,
namely, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Each of these Three
carry the full authority and nature of God. In this lesson we shall
study the relationship of Jesus Christ to the Council of God, and
His identification with humanity.
-- In the beginning WAS the word ... the same WAS in the beginning
with God ... The Word was made flesh and dwelt among us.
Note - No
matter at what point in the remote past I accept as the point of beginning,
the Word WAS. Not only this, but He was in the beginning with
God. In other words, one can conclude there never was a time when
the Word, which became flesh, was not. The preexistent Christ has
1:8 -- Unto
the Son ... Thy throne, 0 God. TOP
- Here is language that cannot be mistaken. The Father asserts
the Son's position in the Council of God. The Son too, is God.
Before Abraham was, I AM.
- In this discussion with the Jewish leaders, Jesus declares
plainly His preexistence; not merely the fact that He existed before
Abraham, but that in that preexistence, He was the I am - the
self-existent One; and the I AM, - the ever-existent
One. The question then arises - If Jesus Christ existed in the beginning
with God as the I AM, how then is He the SON of God?
1 will declare the decree ... Thou art my Son. TOP
Note - To
assume that this text applies to Jesus Christ in regard to the question
of His Sonship, would be to place a private interpretation on this
verse. But by comparing Scripture with Scripture, we find its meaning.
This day have I begotten Thee ... I will be to Him a Father
and He shall be to Me a Son.
- Here Psalm
2:7 is quoted and applied to Jesus Christ in contrast to
the angels. Further, the promise made by God to David
(II Samuel 7:14) concerning His relationship to Solomon
is noted to describe the Heavenly Father-Son relationship. Also in
Hebrews, Christ's position as a Son is associated with His position
as priest after the Order of Melchisedec - a "called" position.
(Hebrews 5:5-6, 10)
All of this was done so that we might understand the privilege of
sonship to which we have been called.
(Hebrews 2:10-11) TOP
Section 2 --
with God ... made Himself of no reputation ... became obedient unto
death, even the death of the cross.
p 11 -- Note
- The Possessor
of Life voluntarily laid it aside and accepted death. As one beholds
the price of his redemption, he sees that the purchase was made by
no inferior Being, but by One equal with God. It was the sacrifice
of Deity that was made on Calvary! Jesus Christ stooped low in becoming
man's Substitute. What a sacrifice this is. How little we give up,
when asked to surrender all for this Gift!
As the children ... He took part of the same ... behoved Him in all
things to be made like unto His brethren.
-- Great is the mystery of Godliness: God was manifest in the
- God came all
the way to meet man in his need. He who was in the form of God, accepted
our likeness and nature after four thousand years of sin. He took
our flesh, and our blood. Yea, in ALL THINGS He was made like unto
us, except in this experience, He did not sin. How this could be is
called a mystery. Another, and perhaps a greater mystery, is why man,
in the light of such a redemption, should stubbornly cling to his
own way. TOP
Section 3 -- THE CREATOR
All things were made by Him.
3:9 -- God,
who created all things by Jesus Christ.
By Him were all things created ... visible and invisible.
- From the invisible
atom to the mightiest star, all is the handiwork of man's Redeemer.
The hand that spaced the heavens, and formed from the dust of the
earth, man in His own likeness, is the same hand that was nailed to
the cross of Calvary for man's redemption.
Section 4 --
Thou camest down also upon Mount Sinai.
- Who is this - "THOU"? Who is the One that led
the children of Israel from Egypt to the promised land? Who is the
One who appeared to Moses in Mount Sinai? Again, we must use the Bible
method of interpretation as outlined by the Holy Spirit - comparing
one Scripture with another.
-- That Rock was Christ.
Note - It
was Jesus Christ Himself, who amid the glory and flame of Sinai, proclaimed
the Law of the Council of God - even the Ten Commandments. Thus Jesus
is OUR Creator, Lawgiver, and Redeemer. In future lessons we shall
note Him as our High Priest, and Coming King. The Bible from beginning
to end is the revelation of Jesus Christ, the Alpha and the Omega,
the one and only true way to the Father.
Section 5 --
OUR RELATIONSHIP TO JESUS
p 12 -- John
ye love Me, keep my commandments. TOP
- His commandments
are the Father's, and the Father's are His - even the Ten Commandments.
In keeping them we show our love to Him. How can we do less when He
has done so much for us? In another lesson we shall study the provision
made so that we can keep the commandments.
#3 -- QUIZ --
(Fill in the blanks)
"In the beginning ___ the Word, and the Word ___ with God, and
the Word ___ God. The same ___ in the beginning with God." Text:
Jesus told the Jewish leaders that before Abraham was, ___. This statement
made by Jesus certified His claim to be the self- ___ One, and the
ever- ___ One.
Jesus Christ is the Son of God by ___ and not by ordinary generation
as far as His preexistent relationship to God is concerned. He was
___ to be a Son even as He was also ___ to be a High Priest.
In becoming our Redeemer, Jesus Christ took upon Himself our ___ and
blood, becoming in ___ ___ like unto His brethren.
At the creation of man, the "US" in the desire, "Let
US make man in our image," was God the Father and ___ ___.
The "THOU" that came down on Mount Sinai and spoke the Ten
Commandments is confirmed by Paul to be ___ ___. Give two texts: ____
7. -- When
we think of Jesus in relationship to the dust of the ground, we think
of Him as our ___ ; when we think of Him in relationship to the Cross,
we think of Him as our ___; and when we think of Him at Mount Sinai,
we recognize Him as our ____. TOP
IN DEPTH STUDY
p 13 --
-- The term, Incarnation, is used to denote the union of divinity
with humanity in Jesus Christ. What this means in truth hinges on
was He that came in the flesh having existed in some previous form?
What was the nature of the flesh He assumed?
The answer to
the first question is given by Jesus Christ himself. He said without
equivocation - "Before Abraham was, I AM." (John
the second question. He wrote - "God [sent] His own Son in the
likeness of sinful flesh."
(Rom. 8:3) 2
From these two
basic questions arise other questions, to which, answers can be found.
Did the "I AM" come as fully God and fully man? This question
can be quickly answered in the negative. If Jesus came as fully man,
then He came as sinner, for man is a sinner. But Jesus "did no
sin." (I Peter 2:22)
If Jesus came as fully God, He could not have given His life, for
God cannot die. But Jesus did die. 3
(I Corinthians 15:3) This leaves the alternate concept
- Jesus was truly God and truly man. What does this mean, and what
is involved in this formulation of truth?
We come now to
that mysterious reality which we cannot define, and only describe
in various word symbols. How does one define himself? What is the
real basic self identification? You can say - a person who is alive.
But how do you differentiate between live persons? How can you distinguish
one individual from all others? We end up with only a name,
and when we hear that name, we perceive in our mind a person, we cannot
in reality define. We give characteristics. TOP
Does the Reality
- Individuality - that was the preexistent I AM, require that this
Reality be synonymous with immortality, or did He exist in an immortal
form? The Bible states - "God is spirit." (John
4:24 Greek) 4
Is "spirit" equivalent to immortality?
The angels are called "ministering spirits"
(Heb. 1:14), yet this does not make them immortal.
This brings us
a fundamental question - What makes God, God? This is not theoretical
nor abstract. Is God, love, truth, righteous, merciful and gracious?
(I John 4:8; Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalm 119:137; Exodus 34:5-6)
Is God omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, immortal? Do the latter
produce the former; or do the latter flow from the former? Who would
want to live in a universe where omnipotence, omniscience, existed
eternally in one who was hateful, a liar, unrighteous, and full of
was the purpose of the Incarnation besides providing a means of redemption
for man? Was it not to show the character of God - His real Self -
as a God of love, truth, and righteousness. Was the issue at stake
whether He was all-powerful, or whether His character could remain
untarnished in a fallen human nature? If the latter, then that which
would be truly God would be manifest in the flesh. And it was!
(John 1:14) He emptied Himself of "the form of
2:7 RV) 5
Divesting Himself of omnipotence, omniscience, omnipresence,
and immortality, the I AM became flesh and blood. (Heb.
p 14 -- Now what kind of flesh did He assume, or take upon
Himself - that mysterious preexistent Identity? Since He was not a
sinner, He did not take a flesh that had sinned, but a flesh like
unto sinful flesh - a flesh with a potential that could sin. All the
forces and imbalances that reside in human nature because of sin,
and which in us lead to sin, He accepted. But in that very
nature, the preexistent I AM sinned not. Herein is the glorious victory
of the Incarnation. (Romans
1:1,3; 8:3-4; II Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 2:14-17) TOP ~~~~
1. -- There
is light and glory in the truth that Christ was one with the Father
before the foundations of the world were laid. This is the light shining
in a dark place, making it resplendent with divine,
original glory. This truth, infinitely mysterious in itself, explains
other mysterious and otherwise unexplainable truths, while it is enshrined
in light, unapproachable and incomprehensible." (Review,
April 5, 1906)
2. -- The
phrase "in the likeness of sinful flesh" is literally in
the Greek - "in likeness of a flesh of sin." The part of
the phrase - "in likeness" (en 'omoiomati) is also
used by Paul in Philippians 2:7 - "in the likeness of
men." Was Jesus a real man? Yes, but fully men? - No. This applies
equally to Romans 8:3. Did Jesus take the real flesh of sin
- man's fallen nature? Yes, but was it a flesh that had sinned
in Him? - No. It was truly a fallen flesh with all the potential
that could lead to sin, even as Jesus was truly man having divested
Himself of "the form of God." TOP
work of redemption could be carried out only by the Redeemer taking
the place of fallen man. ...
was assailed by the tempter he was without the taint of sin. He stood
before God in the strength of perfect manhood, all the organs and
faculties of his being fully developed and harmoniously balanced;
and he was surrounded with things of beauty, and conversed daily with
holy angels. What a contrast to this perfect being did the second
Adam present, as He entered the desolate wilderness to cope with Satan,
single-handed. For four thousand years the race had been decreasing
in size and physical strength, and deteriorating in moral worth; and,
in order to elevate fallen man, Christ must reach him where he stood.
He assumed human nature, bearing the infirmities and degeneracy of
the race." (Spirit of Prophecy, Vol., 2, p. 88)
3. -- Jesus
Christ laid off His royal robe, His kingly crown, and clothed His
divinity with humanity, in order to become a substitute and surety
for humanity, that dying in humanity He might by His death destroy
him that had the power of death. He could not have done this as God,
but by coming as a man Christ could die." ( Bible Commentary,
Vol., 7, p. 925)
4. -- "Think
of Christ's humiliation. He took upon Himself fallen, suffering human
nature, degraded and defiled by sin. He took our sorrows, bearing
our grief and shame. He endured all the temptations wherewith man
is beset. He united humanity with divinity: a divine spirit dwelt
in a temple of flesh. He united Himself with the temple." (
Bible Commentary, Vol. 4, p. 1147) TOP
5. -- "The
Scriptures teach us, that He who was with God before the creation,
from love to men put on flesh, and took the form of a servant,
not all the while having on Him the whole fulness of His divine nature,
but having really and actually emptied Himself of this fulness and
glory, so that there was not only a hiding, but an absolute kenosis,
a putting off of it. Therefore His subsequent exaltation must be conceived
of as belonging, not to His Humanity only, but to the entire undivided
Person of Christ, now resuming the fulness and glory of the Godhead
(John xvii.5). and in addition to this having taken into the Godhead
the Manhood, now glorified by His obedience, atonement, and victory."
(Henry Alford, The Greek New Testament, Vol. IV,
p. 13: Moody Press Edition)
#4 -- THE
SABBATH OF THE LORD THY GOD
p 15 -- Introduction
- In the
three preceding lessons, we have studied concepts of truth which will
enable us to better understand this lesson. First, we noted
how to establish a doctrine. Precept must be upon precept, and line
upon line. (Isa. 28:9-10)
Secondly, we observed that God requires not only worship in
spirit, but also according to truth. (John
4:24) Our worship of the Lord, even the day we observe,
must be in harmony with the truth as found in the Word for such worship
to be acceptable in His sight. Thirdly, we studied the place
of Jesus in the plan of the ages. We noted His stately movings in
the Old Testament as our Creator and Lawgiver. These facts are important
as we study this lesson.
God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because
that in it He had rested.
Without Christ was not anything made that was made. (John 1:3)
He as our Creator, made the first Sabbath day by blessing and sanctifying
that day above all the other six through the act of resting thereon
The seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God.
Note - When
one understands that Jesus is the Lawgiver, and equally God with the
Father, this commandment takes on a new importance. The seventh day
is not the sabbath of the Jews, but it is the Sabbath of the Lord
God of Heaven. When we recognize Him as our God, then we happily accept
the day He designated for His worship.
56:3, 6 --
The sons of the stranger that join themselves to the Lord, to serve
Him. ... everyone that keepeth the Sabbath.
Note - Even
In Old Testament times, when one who was not a Jew, turned from idolatry
and paganism to serve the true God, he was not to count himself as
separate from the people whom God had chosen, but was to take hold
of the covenant, and keep the Sabbath. The Sabbath was the holy day
of those who chose the Lord God.
20:12, 20 --
I gave them MY Sabbaths to be a sign between Me and them.
- This sign was
for two purposes: (1) "That they might
know that I am the Lord that doth sanctify them," and (2)
"That ye may know that I am the Lord your God." The Sabbath
is meaningful from God's viewpoint. It is His sign to us. TOP
Section # 2
-- The Sabbath in the Gospels
4:16 -- He (Jesus) came to Nazareth where He had been
brought up: and as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the
Note - Jesus
in His humanity is our Example. We are to follow in His steps
(I Peter 2:21-22). We are to walk even as He walked
(I John 2:6). He who made the Sabbath in the beginning,
observed when upon earth. It was His custom to gather with others
for worship on the Sabbath, and to participate in the service of worship.
p 16 -- Mark
The Sabbath was made for man ... The Son of man is Lord also of the
It is lawful to do well on the Sabbath days.
- In these verses
we find the Lord of the Sabbath teaching the true meaning of the Sabbath.
It was made for all mankind; a day in which he was to do good, and
thus draw into close fellowship with Him who went about doing good.
"It is a time when the spent spirit may catch its breath, and
man may look into the face of God and be refreshed." The Sabbath
is a day of liberty from the cares of life, enabling man to do the
activities of the service of love. It is in such holy service that
we see the face of God. Only thus can we worship our God in spirit
and in truth. TOP
Day Is the Seventh Day?
23:50 - 24:3
-- This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus.
And he took it down ... and laid it in a sepulchre.. .That day was
the preparation, and the Sabbath drew on.
The women ...
which came with Him from Galilee ... returned and prepared spices
... and rested the Sabbath day according to the commandment.
Now upon the
first day of the week ... they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
- Here in the gospel
of Luke are three days marked out in succession: (1)
The day of the crucifixion, commonly called Good Friday;
(2) The following day noted as "the sabbath
day according to the commandment:" and (3)
The day of the resurrection, now called Easter Sunday.
The only day between Friday and Sunday is Saturday, the seventh day.
This then is the Sabbath of the Lord our God.
Practice and Teaching
42-44 -- The
Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next
Sabbath day ... And the next Sabbath day came almost the whole city
together to hear the word of God.
- Ten years had passed since Paul had seen Jesus on the road to
Damascus. He was now on his first missionary journey. Here was a remarkable
opportunity for Paul to tell his Gentile listeners that a new day
of worship had been appointed for them, if such had been done. When
they, therefore, asked that the gospel be preached to them, Paul could
have told them to come back on the morrow; but no, they waited a whole
week till the next Sabbath day to hear the words of truth.
-- And on the Sabbath, we went out of the city by a river side
where prayer was wont to be made.
- Even in cities
where there was no synagogue available for Sabbath worship,Paul sought
a place of prayer and study outside of the city. Consistently under
all circumstances, Paul who was the Apostle to the Gentiles faithfully
observed the Sabbath of the Lord his God. TOP
Paul as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days
reasoned with them out of the Scriptures.
p 17 -- Acts
And he reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath.
-- And God did rest the seventh day ... There remaineth therefore
a rest [margin - a keeping of a sabbath] to the people of God. For
he that is entered into His rest, he also hath ceased from his own
works, AS GOD DID FROM HIS.
When one accepts the rest that Jesus offers in the invitation - "Come
unto Me and I will give you rest " (Matt. 11 :28), he
gives up his own works, and accepts the merits of the Saviour. As
a memorial of the surrender to the recreative power of Jesus Christ,
he ceases from his own works as God did from His in the first creation.
"And God did rest the seventh day." It is interesting to
note in passing that a translation of the Aramaic text of the New
Testament renders Hebrews 4:9 thus - "It is therefore
the duty of the people of God to keep the Sabbath." (Lamsa)
Section # 5
Sabbath in the New Earth
new heavens and the new earth ... it shall come to pass that ... from
one Sabbath to another shall all flesh come to worship before Me,
saith the Lord.
- The Sabbath of
the Lord our God will not cease, but in the new earth state, all beings
will come and worship before the Lord on that day. Would it not be
well now, to be in harmony with the worship of the world to come?
-- The Time and Observance of the Sabbath
23:32 -- From
even unto even shall ye celebrate your Sabbath.
-- At even when the sun did set.
- God's division
of time is from sunset to sunset. The days of creation began with
the evening. "And the evening and the morning were the first
day." (Gen. 1:5) So the holy Sabbath day begins on Friday
evening at sunset, and continues till Saturday evening at sunset.
The first hour on Friday night is just as sacred as the hour of worship
in the middle of the day. Every hour of the Sabbath is God's time,
and is to be reserved sacredly unto Him.
-- If thou turn away thy foot from the Sabbath ... and call
the Sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honorable; and shalt
honor Him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure,
nor speaking thine own words: then shalt thou delight thyself in the
- Here is a divine
comment on the proper observance of the fourth commandment. Mere ceasing
from work on the holy hours of the Sabbath is not necessarily keeping
the Sabbath. An attitude of mind is involved. We must consider it
a delight to thus honor the Lord, by laying aside the ordinary duties
of life. In so doing, we seek His interests, not our pleasures; we
study His words, not our thoughts: we follow His ways, not our paths.
In this, the true essence of Sabbath observance is to be found - we
delight ourselves in the Lord.
22:14 -- Blessed
are they that do His commandments, that they may have right to the
tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.
p 18 -- Lesson
#4 -- Quiz (Fill in the blanks)
In formulating a doctrine, we must use all the ___, and bring together
all the related texts, ___ upon ___, and ___ upon ___ before drawing
In the Ten Commandments it is definitely stated that instead of being
the seventh day is the ___ of the ___ thy ___.
Jesus declared that He is ___ of the Sabbath. Text:___.
4. -- Jesus
was crucified on the day we commonly call Good ___. His followers
rested the next day, or ___, the Sabbath day ___ to the ___. On the
first day of the week, designated as Easter ___ Jesus arose.
The Sabbath begins on ___ evening at ___, and continues until
___ evening at the same time. Every ___ of the day is just as ___
as the hour of worship on the Sabbath.
In keeping the Sabbath, we cease from the ordinary ___ of life, and
call the Sabbath day a ___. By not doing our own ___ nor finding our
own ___, nor speaking our own ___, we delight ourselves in the ___.
In the earth made new all ___ will worship before the Lord on the
___ ___. Text: ___. TOP
ITEMS FOR FURTHER
CONSIDERATION IN ADDITION TO THIS STUDY -- Sixty Bible Facts Concerning
the Seventh Day
1 --Why keep the Sabbath day? What is the object of the
Sabbath? Who made it? When was it made, and for whom? Which day is
the true Sabbath? Many keep the first day of the week, or Sunday.
What Bible authority have they for this? Some keep the seventh day,
or Saturday. What Scripture have they for that? Here are the facts
about both days, as plainly stated in the Word of God:
After working the first six days of the week in creating this earth,
the great God rested on the seventh day. (Genesis 2:1-3.)
2. -- This stamped that day as God's rest day, or Sabbath day,
as Sabbath day means rest day. To illustrate: When a person is born
on a certain day, that day thus becomes his birthday. So when God
rested upon the seventh day, that day became His rest, or Sabbath,
3. -- Therefore the seventh day must always be God's Sabbath
day. Can you change your birthday from the day on which you were born
to one on which you were
not born? No. Neither can you change God's rest day to a day on which
He did not rest. Hence the seventh day is still God's Sabbath day.
4. -- The Creator blessed the seventh day. (Genesis 2:3.)
5. -- He sanctified the seventh day. (Exodus 20: 11.)
6. -- He made it the Sabbath day in the Garden of Eden. (Genesis
7. -- It was made before the fall; hence it is not a type;
for types were not introduced till after the fall.
8. -- Jesus says it was made for man (Mark 2:27), that
is, for the race, as the word man is here unlimited; hence, for the
Gentile as well as for the Jew.
9. --It is a memorial of creation. (Exodus 20:11; 31:17.)
Every time we rest upon the seventh day, as God did at creation, we
commemorate that grand event.
10. --It was given to Adam, the head of the human race. (Mark
2:27; Genesis 2:1-3.)
11. -- Hence through him, as our representative, to all nations.
(Acts 17:26.) TOP
12. -- It is not a Jewish institution, for it was made 2,300
years before ever there was a Jew.
13. -- The Bible never calls it the Jewish
p 2 -- Sabbath,
but always "the Sabbath of the Lord thy God." Men should
be cautious how they stigmatize God's holy rest day.
14. -- Evident reference is made to the Sabbath and the seven-day
week all through the patriarchal age. (Genesis 2:1-3; 8:10, 12;
29:27, 28, etc.)
15. -- It was a part of God's law before Sinai. (Exodus
16. -- Then God placed it in the heart of His moral law. (Exodus
20:1-17.) Why did He place it there if it was not like the other
nine precepts, which all admit to be immutable?
p 19 -- 17.
-- The seventh-day Sabbath was commanded by the voice of the living
God. (Deuteronomy 4:12, 13.)
18. -- Then He wrote the commandment with His own finger. (Exodus
19. -- He engraved it in the enduring stone, indicating its
imperishable nature. (Deuteronomy 5:22.)
20. -- It was sacredly preserved in the ark in the holy of
holies. (Deuteronomy 10:1-5.)
21. -- God forbade work upon the Sabbath, even in the most
hurrying times. (Exodus 34:21.)
22. -- God destroyed the Israelites in the wilderness because
they profaned the Sabbath. (Ezekiel 20:12, 13.)
23. -- It is the sign of the true God, by which we are to know
Him from false gods. (Ezekiel 20:20.)
24. -- God promised that Jerusalem should stand forever if
the Jews would keep the Sabbath. (Jeremiah 17:24, 25.)
25. -- He sent them into the Babylonish captivity for breaking
it. (Nehemiah 13:18.)
26. -- He destroyed Jerusalem for its violation. (Jeremiah
27. -- God has pronounced a special blessing on all the Gentiles
who will keep it. (Isaiah 56:6, 7.)
28. -- This is in the prophecy which refers wholly to the Christian
dispensation. (See Isaiah 56.)
29. -- God has promised to bless all who keep the Sabbath.
30. -- The Lord requires us to call it "honourable."
(Isaiah 58:13.) Beware, ye who take delight in calling it the
Sabbath," "a yoke of bondage," etc.
31. -- After the holy Sabbath has been trodden down "many
generations," it is to be restored in the last days. (Isaiah
58:12, 13.) TOP
32. -- All the holy prophets kept the seventh day.
33. -- When the Son of God came, He kept the seventh day all
His life. (Luke 4:16; John 15:10.) Thus He followed His Father's
example at creation. Shall we not be safe in following the example
of both the Father and the Son?
34. -- The seventh day is the Lord's day. (See Revelation
1: 14; Mark 2:28; Isaiah 5 8:13; Exodus 20: 10.)
35. -- Jesus was Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2:28), that
is, to love and protect it, as the husband is the lord of the wife,
to love and cherish her (1 Peter 3:6).
36. -- He vindicated the Sabbath as a merciful institution
designed for man's good. (Mark 2:23-28.)
37. -- Instead of abolishing the Sabbath, He carefully taught
how it should be observed. (Matthew 12:1-13.)
38. -- He taught His disciples that they should do nothing
upon the Sabbath day but what was "lawful." (Matthew
39. -- He instructed His apostles that the Sabbath should
be prayerfully regarded forty years after His resurrection. (Matthew
40. -- The pious women who had been with Jesus carefully
kept the seventh day after His death. (Luke 23:56.)
41. -- Thirty years after Christ's resurrection, the Holy
Spirit expressly calls it "the sabbath day." (Acts 13:14.)
42. -- Paul, the apostle to the Gentiles, called it the "sabbath
day" in A.D. 45. (Acts 13:27.) Did not Paul know? Or shall
we believe modem teachers, who affirm that it ceased to be the Sabbath
at the resurrection of Christ?
43. -- Luke, the inspired Christian historian, writing
as late as A.D. 62, calls it the "sabbath day." (Acts
44. -- The Gentile converts called it the Sabbath. (Acts
45. -- In the great Christian council, A.D. 49, in
the presence of the apostles and
3 -- thousands
of disciples, James calls it the "sabbath day." (Acts
46. -- It was customary to hold prayer meetings upon that
day. (Acts 16:13.)
47. -- Paul read the Scriptures in public meetings on that
day. (Acts 17:2, 3.)
48. -- It was his custom to preach upon that day. (Acts
49. -- The Book of Acts alone gives a record of his holding
eighty-four meetings upon that day. (See Acts 13:14, 44; 16:13;
17:2; 18:4, 11.) TOP
50. -- There was never any dispute between the Christians and
the Jews about the Sabbath day. This is proof that the Christians
still observed the same day that the Jews did.
51. -- In all their accusations against Paul, they never charged
him with disregarding the Sabbath day. Why did they not, if he did
not keep it?
52. -- But Paul himself expressly declared that he had kept
the law. "Neither against the law of the Jews, neither against
the temple, nor yet against Caesar, have I offended any thing at all."
(Acts 25:8). How could this be true if he had not kept the
53. -- The Sabbath is mentioned in the New Testament fifty-nine
times, and always with respect, bearing the same title it had in the
Old Testament, "the sabbath day."
54. -- Not a word is said anywhere in the New Testament about
the Sabbath's being abolished, done away, changed, or anything of
55. -- God has never given permission to any man to work upon
it. Reader, by what authority do you use the seventh day for common
56. -- No Christian of the New Testament, either before or
after the resurrection, ever did ordinary work upon the seventh day.
Find one case of that kind, and we will yield the question. Why should
modem Christians do differently from Bible Christians?
57. -- There is no record that God has ever removed His blessing
or sanctification from the seventh day.
58. -- As the Sabbath was kept in Eden before the fall, so
it will be observed eternally in the new earth after the restitution.
(Isaiah 66:22, 23.)
59. -- The seventh-day Sabbath was an important part of the
law of God, as it came from His own mouth, and was written by His
own finger upon stone at Sinai. (See Exodus 20.) When Jesus
began His work, He expressly declared that He had not come to destroy
the law. "Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the
prophets." Matthew 5:17.
60. -- Jesus severely condemned the Pharisees as hypocrites
for pretending to love God, while at the same time they made void
one of the Ten Commandments by their tradition. The keeping of Sunday
is only a tradition of men. TOP
points to consider
after going through this study:
- The Sabbath
has been from eternity in heaven; God gave it to us at creation,
he reaffirmed it through all the patriarchs and prophets through
the Old Testament and to his chosen people. He reaffirmed it with
his own Son Jesus Christ and through the Apostles all through the
New Testament and, as we have already read in the Study from Isaiah,
it will be continued in heaven at the end of time and for eternity.
So, with all this evidence through thousands of years of history
and the fact that we can find no biblical proof of a change, the
question is - Why would any person believe God would change the
day of worship for this short period of time only?
- In the study
of astronomy we are shown reasons for the existence of a Day, a
Month, the four Seasons and a Year but there is no scientific reason
for the existence of a Week -- EXCEPT THAT GOD INSTITUTED IT.
- People say,
"How can we tell which day is the Sabbath with all the calendar
changes that have been made over the years." In looking at
these calendar changes, such as the change from the Gregorian Calendar
to the Julian Calendar, the numbering of the days has been changed,
however, the weekly cycle has never been altered.
p 20 --
- In our previous study, we noted the doctrine of the Sabbath, and
by following the Bible method for understanding doctrine - "line
upon line and precept upon precept" - we brought together the
outstanding verses in the Bible on that subject. Now in all fairness,
because so many people observe the first day of the week in honor
of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, making it a Sabbath for worship,
we need to note all the verses in the Bible which mention the first
day of the week. As we study these verses, we should ask ourselves
a question. Do these texts give me a command to observe the first
day of the week in place of the seventh day?
And the evening and the morning were the first day.
- This is the
only verse in the entire Old Testament which mentions the first day
of the week. It is referring to the first day of Creation on which
God brought into existence the mass of the earth, and set it in motion,
thus along with the creation of light, established day and night.
FIRST DAY IN THE GOSPELS
- In the Now
Testament, there are eight references to the first day of the week,
six of which are to be found in the Gospels and apply to the same
first day, namely, the day on which Christ arose from the dead. Lot
us examine these.
-- And when the Sabbath was past ... very early in the
morning the first day of the week, they came to the sepulchre at the
rising of the sun.
- This text merely
tells us that when the women came to the sepulchre on the first day
of the week to anoint Jesus' body, the Sabbath was post.
16:9 -- Now
when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week.
the end of the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of
Note - This
is merely stating the same thing we found in Mark 16. Jesus
arose on the first day of
the week, and certain women came after the Sabbath to the tomb in
the early hours of Sunday
morning. Weymouth translates this verse thus - 'After the Sabbath,
in the early dawn of the first
day of the week."
24:1 -- Now
upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came
to the sepulchre.
Note - We
noted this verse carefully in our previous lesson, and found that
it was one of a series which outlines the days connected with the
death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ. In the previous chapter,
it is clearly stated that the day before the first day is "the
Sabbath day according to the commandment." (Luke 23:56)
In this verse, there is no intimation that the command had been changed.
p 21 --
-- The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdaline earl unto
Note - This
verse says nothing more than the other verses noting the activities
of Christ's followers on the resurrection morning.
Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week,
... the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus
... and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
Note - This
is the first appearance of Jesus to His disciples- as a group after
His resurrection. Mary had seen Him. (John 20:11-18) He had
appeared to two disciples as they walked home to Emmaus. (Luke
24:13-32) It appears that Simon Peter also saw Him. (Luke 24:34;
1 Cor. 15:5). However, all of this testimony had not convinced
the group that Jesus had indeed risen. Thus their gathering together
was not to celebrate the resurrection, but "for fear of the Jews."
Jesus' appearance was to quiet their fears and to convict their hearts.
(Mark 16:12-14) The time of this meeting would correspond to
our Sunday night. This is the last text in the Gospels which mentions
the first day of the week.TOP
AND THE FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK
And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together
to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow;
and continued his speech till mid-night.
Note - This
is the only recorded religious service in the New Testament to be
held on the first day of the week. It was a night meeting, corresponding
to our Saturday night. (Bible reckoning of time places the first day
of the week from sundown Saturday till sundown Sunday.) A careful
study of the context of this verse reveals some very interesting facts:
was on his way to Jerusalem. (verse 16) He stayed in Troas
seven days. (Verse 6)
group of men Paul had with him left by boat that night for Assos,
and planned to pick Paul up the next day. (Verse 13)
Paul's service was interrupted, by the accident of Eutychus, who,
because of Paul's long preaching, had fallen asleep while sitting
in a window. (Verse 9)
this incident, Paul broke bread with them, and preached till the
break of day. (Verse 11)
are merely recording a farewell meeting Paul had with the believers
at Troas. However, it is also an incident of humor found in the
Bible. You will observe that prior to this recorded experience,
the narrative is in the first Person plural - "we" - and
resumes with verse 13. The experience itself is told in the
third person - "Paul." Naturally as Paul again joins his
traveling companions, they ask him about the meeting the night before.
He told them about the traumatic experience with Eutychus. But they
asked Paul as to why this should have happened. He had to confess
it was because he was a long-winded preacher. No doubt on other
occasions they had chided him about going "over-time."
Luke could not pass up this opportunity of telling about it. TOP
-- Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay
by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings
when I come.
Note - Paul had
placed a burden upon the individual members of the churches to have
an offering ready for the poor believers in Jerusalem (I Cor. 16:1,
3) This verse is not a command for a collection to be received
at a church service, but asking that each one from his own funds,
set aside a gift each week, and let it accumulate at home, so that
the sum might be placed in the hands of
p 22 -- representatives
when Paul would come by on his way to Jerusalem. Two other translations
of this verse will aid in our understanding of it. Weymouth
reads: - "On the first day of the week, let each of you put up
and keep any profit he may have made: so that there may be no collections
made after I come." Lamsa, basing his translation on the
Eastern Text, renders the verse thus - "Upon the first day of
the week, let each of you put aside and keep in his house whatever
he can afford, so that there may be no collections when I come."
-- ANOTHER TEXT
Note - With
I Cor. 16:2. we have surveyed all the verses in the entire Bible
which mention the first day of the week. In none of them do we find
an express command authorizing the observance of the first day in
honor of the resurrection of Jesus: nor do we find the least suggestion
that the first day was to replace the Sabbath of the Law of God as
given at Mt. Sinai. There is, however, another text which is sometimes
used to suggest this idea. We shall note it also. TOP
-- I was
in the spirit on the Lord's day.
Note - Which
day is the Lord's day? Using the analogy of Scripture - the comparing
of spiritual things with spiritual - we can find our answer in
Mark 2:28, where Jesus declared - "Therefore the Son of man
is Lord also of the Sabbath." So instead of this verse applying
to the first day of the week, it in reality refers to the Sabbath
as the true Lord's day.
-- HOW DID SUNDAY WORSHIP BEGIN?
I know this, that after my departing ... of your own-selves shall
men arise, speaking perverse things.
Note - Paul
states that after his death, men would arise in the Church itself
speaking perverse, that is,. erroneous things, which would be contrary
to what he himself had taught. This is what has occurred. The Roman
Catholic church, professing to be the true successor to the apostles,
has altered the day of worship, and boasts about it. (See Insert -
15:9 -- In
vain do they worship Me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of
Note - We
love Jesus because He has done so much for us. Because of this, we
do not desire to offer before Him a vain worship. But He stated plainly
that if our worship is according to the doctrines of men, it is vain
worship. Thus we are presented with a choice of worship, that which
is of men, or that which is in spirit and in truth, according to the
Word of God. We must keep in mind that God cannot accept from us worship
contrary to His word, any more than He would accept the worship of
also Hebrews chapter
4 - Here Paul is talking specifically about the Sabbath;
note especially verse
8-11. Also see Facts
of Faith, by C. Edwardson) TOP
p 23 -
Interesting to note in this letter is the date of 1905 and the amount
offered ($1,000). In today's money that would maybe be close to $1
Million offered by a Catholic Priest for Protestants to prove from
the Bible only where they are obligated to God to keep Sunday holy,
which Father Enright here shows is a sign of the Roman Catholic's
power to think to alter God's law. As he states, he offered this amount
over and over again, and nobody stepped forward to prove it.) TOP
p 23 -- Lesson
#5 -- Quiz
There are ____ texts in the Bible which mention the first day of
the week. Of these, ____ are found in the New Testament, ____ and
of them refer to the same first day, namely, the day of the ____.
In studying these texts which mention the first day, we should ask
ourselves a question. Do any of these verses ____ us to keep the
first day of the week as the Sabbath in place of the ____ day of
When Jesus met with His disciples as a group after His resurrection,
they were assembled in the upper room "for ____ of the ____".
The reason they could not have been meeting in honor of the resurrection
was because they did not ____ the reports of those who had seen
Him alive earlier that day.
The only religious gathering recorded in the Bible which occurred
on the first day of the week is recorded in _____: ____. The record
states that Paul ____ until ____ and was ready to ____ on the morrow
to meet those who had started ahead by boat. This meeting was a
____ meeting Paul had with the believers in Troas on his way to
Paul after he left Troas visited with the elders of the church at
Ephesus. He warned them that ____ he should die, men would arise
in their own ____ and speak ____ things to draw disciples after
Jesus stated that in ____ men worship Him who follow the ____ of
men. Give text - ____:____.
CONCEPTS FOR STUDY
Lord's Day of Revelation 1:10
-- In 1982, the book The Sabbath in Scripture and History
, was edited by Dr. Kenneth A. Strand, and has a distinguished group
of contributors. One section - "Sunday in the New Testament"
- discusses the Lord's day of Revelation
1:10. (pp. 125-127) What Dr. Walter F. Specht wrote on
this verse needs to be carefully noted.
- kuriake' hemera
(first e has long sound) (Lord's day) - is to be found in no other
place in the New Testament.
Kuriake' by itself became the designation for Sunday in
later Greek, and so is today. The Latin equivalent - Dominica
dies, found in the Vulgate of Rev.
1:10, became the name for Sunday in ecclesiastical Latin.
This is the basis for the assumption that Sunday is "the Lord's
day" of Rev. 1:10.
But it must be asked - Was this the usage of the word at the time
that John wrote the book of Revelation? It is conceded that John wrote
p 24 -- after the book of Revelation; and in the Gospel, he
refers to the day we designate as Sunday, simply as "the first
day of the week."
have interpreted "the Lord's day" of Rev.
1:10 as equivalent to the Old Testament - "Day of
the Lord" - conjecturing that John was transported in vision
into the scenes encompassed by the coming Day of the Lord. This hardly
conforms to the context. The first thing John sees is Jesus in the
midst of the Lampstands ministering to His church in this present
age. (Rev. 1:11-13, 20)
Further, John is specific as to the place he was - "on the island
called Patmos." Then why not also the time, since he appears
to be giving the time and place of the vision. TOP
of the expression - "Lord's day" - is that this refers to
an annual celebration of Christ's resurrection, which was later called
Easter. On this Specht wrote:
A basis for such
an annual celebration might well be seen in Paul's first letter to
the Corinthians, where the Lordship of Christ is especially emphasized.
Was Paul suggesting such a celebration when he wrote "For Christ,
our paschal lamb, has been sacrificed. Let us, therefore, celebrate
the festival" (1 Cor. 5:7. 8)? The fact that Christ arose
on the day when the offering of first fruits was presented by the
Jews seems to form the background of a later statement: "But
in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of
those who have fallen asleep" (chap. 15:20).
Then the final
suggested interpretation of kuriake'
hemera (first e has long sound) is that this is the Sabbath,
the seventh day of the week. On this position, Specht wrote:
Finally, if one
interprets the phrase "the Lord's day" according to the
analogy of Scripture, a case can be made for regarding it as a reference
to the seventh-day Sabbath. The Sabbath was set apart for sacred use
at Creation (Gen. 2:2.3). The intermediate agent in that creation,
according to several New Testament passages, was the Lord Jesus Christ.
The fourth of the famous Ten Words describes the seventh day "as
a sabbath to the Lord your God" (Ex. 20:10ff.). In the
book of Isaiah God calls it "'my holy day'" and "'the
holy day of the Lord'" (Isa. 58:13). All three of the
Synoptic Gospels quote Jesus saying, "'The Son of man is lord
even of the sabbath'" (Mark 2:28; cf. Matt.12:8; Luke 6:5)
But if John means
the Sabbath in Revelation 1:10, why should he refer to it as "the
Lord's day"? The book of Revelation has as its background the
conflict between the "Lord Caesar" and the "Lord Christ."
Christians were facing persecution and the threat of martyrdom because
of their refusal to recognize Caesar as lord. For them there
was but one Lord Jesus Christ (I Cor. 8:5. 6). Deissmann has
shown that there were special days devoted to the Roman emperor. Would
It not be appropriate under such circumstances to exalt Jesus Christ
as "the ruler of the kings on earth" (Rev. 1:5).
and to refer to the Sabbath as the real "Lord's day"? TOP
The final paragraph
of this section reads:
one may say that there is not sufficient data given in the book of
Revelation to be certain of the correct interpretation of the phrase
"the Lord's day" in Revelation 1:10. The popular
attempt to equate it with Sunday does not rest on evidence supplied
by Scripture but upon postapostolic usage of the phrase, long after
John's time. The view that the phrase refers to the eschatological
day of judgment is doubtful. More attention should be given to the
possibility that the phrase refers to an annual resurrection celebration.
And study could well be given to the idea that what is meant is in
reality the seventh-day Sabbath.
leaves the whole question in an unsettled state which in turn presents
some major problems. Two concepts are set forth for study:
kuriake' hemera (first e has long sound) refers to an annual
celebration of Easter, or
it refers to the seventh day of the week.
If number 1,
then there is only a single step from an annual celebration to a weekly
commemoration of the same event.
#6 -- THE
p 25 -- Introduction
-- Whenever the question of the Sabbath is studied, a question
is raised concerning the Law of God. Certain texts are cited (Ephesians
2:15; Colossians 2:14-17) with the suggestion that the Law of
God has been revoked, and is therefore no longer binding on Christians.
This teaching is the result of failing to distinguish between several
groups of laws that are set forth in the Bible. We, in this study,
will confine ourselves to two laws mentioned in the New Testament.
7:12 -- The law is holy, and the commandment holy,
and just and good. Hebrews 7:14-18 The law of a carnal commandment
... weakness and unprofitableness thereof. Hebrews 10:1 The
law having a shadow of good things to come ... can never with those
sacrifices which they offered.
- By comparing
these verses it is evident that one law cannot be holy and carnal.
A holy law being good in itself would not be a shadow of "good
things to come." By illustration, one cannot have a fully ripe
apple and a "green" apple all in one apple. It requires
two. So also in the matter concerning the law. Two laws are required
to meet the description of these texts. TOP
7:7, 12 -- I
had not known sin, but by the, law, the law had said, Thou shalt not
covet. Wherefore the law is holy.
- The law that
contains the commandment - "Thou shalt not covet" - is the
Ten Commandment law. This law Paul declares to be holy.
32:16 -- And
the Lord said ... I will give thee ... a law, and commandments which
I have written. And He gave to Moses ... two ... tables of stone,
written with the finger of God. And the writing was the writing of
God, graven upon the tables.
-- And thou shalt put into the ark, the testimony which I shall
give thee ... in the ark thou shalt put the testimony.
- Twice repeated
was the injunction to put the law in the ark, the most sacred object
of the Hebrew
sanctuary. Of no other portion of the entire Bible, did God manifest
such care for an accurate transmission, and preservation as the Ten
Commandments. He wrote them with His own finger upon stone, spoke
them with His own lips from Mount Sinai (Exodus 20:1). and
had it placed in the most holy object on earth, which in turn was
housed in what was designated as "the most holy place, "
the center of His earthly dwelling. (Exodus 25:8-9) TOP
The Ten Commandments
- This law forbids,
idolatry, profanation, stealing, killing, lying, adultery, and covetousness.
requires respect of children for their parents, and sets for the seventh
day of every week
p 26 -- as
the "sabbath of the Lord thy God."
CODE OF MOSES
20:22 -- The
Lord said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say . . .
And Moses wrote all the words.
-- Moses commanded ... Take this book of the law, and put it
in the side of the ark ... for a witness.
- In the giving,
writing, and disposition of this book of the law of Moses, the contrast
is clear and distinct between it and the Ten Commandments. Let us
note some of the regulations this lesser code contained.
-- Three times thou Shalt keep a feast unto Me in a year. Three
times in a year all thy males shall appear before the Lord God. Leviticus
23:6, 14 (Observe the eating regulations connected with
the time of the annual feasts.) Leviticus
23:24, 32 In the seventh month, in the first day of the month,
shall ye have a Sabbath. It shall be unto you a Sabbath of rest ...
in the ninth day of the month.
- The Mosaic
code regulated aspects of worship involved in the special feast days,
as to time, and what could and what could not be eaten at those times.
Some of these appointed days were called sabbaths. These were, however,
the Sabbaths of the people in contrast with the seventh day which
was the Sabbath of the Lord. The summary of the contrast is given
by Moses in Leviticus 23:37, 38. Note carefully
the words - "These are the feasts of the Lord ... everything
upon his day: beside the Sabbaths of the Lord." TOP
-- THE CONTRAST
Thou camest down ... upon Mt. Sinai ... and gavest them ... Thy holy
Sabbath, and commandest them laws, by the hand of Moses.
- Nehemiah in
reporting this priestly chant classifies the sabbath of the Lord with
the law given by God directly, and not with the code of Moses.
-- All that I have commanded ... and all that my servant Moses
-- The Lord spake unto you, and He declared unto you ... ten
commandments. And the Lord commanded me at that time to teach
you statutes ... that ye might do them in the land whither ye go over
to possess it.
- The Mosaic
code was a statute of limitations to be done only in the land of their
possessions, while the Ten commandments as given by God were not limited
to any locality, but were worldwide in application.
p 27 -- Summary
- The laws and ordinances which Paul stated were nailed to
the cross were the codes given to Israel to be done only in the land
of Canaan. In Christ, the gospel message would go to all the world,
and the center of worship would no longer be a tent or a temple built
by men's hands, but the most holy place would be a man's heart surrendered
to the Lord Jesus Christ. Note carefully Hebrews
Lesson #6 --
-- (Fill in the blanks)
Paul declares the law which says - "Thou shalt not covet"
to be ____.
This holy Law is also known as the ___ ____.
The Ten ____ were spoken by the ____ of God from Mt. ____, and were
_____ with the ____ of God upon two tablets of stone.
God Himself commanded that this Law be placed in the ____, which
was the single article of furniture in the most ____ place of the
There is also another law in the Old Testament, written by ____,
and was commanded by ____, to be placed in the side of the ark for
a ____ - ____.
This Mosaic code was a statute of limitations, because it was to
be observed only in the ____ of ____. Deuteronomy ____:____.
The Mosaic code of laws contained days of worship called ____, but
these were the Sabbaths of the ____ in contrast to the seventh-day
Sabbath, which was the Sabbath of the ____.
8. -- Under
the New Covenant, the Law of God would be placed in the ____ and
___ of man, instead of the ark in a sanctuary. TOP
The Old Covenant
out of the experience at Mount Sinai:
1. -- God
through Moses made Israel a special promise.
(Ex. 19:3-6) [19:5
reads in the Hebrew - "If ye will surely listen to My
voice, ... "]
After hearing the voice of God from the midst of the display of
awful grandeur, Israel requested not to hear that voice again.
God then spoke to them through Moses.
p 28 --
What was said (Ex.
20:23 - 23:33) was written in a book.
This book was read in the hearing of all the people, and a covenant
ratified in blood was entered into directly with the people.
This coven ant provided no means for forgiveness if broken. (Ex.
Within 40 days, while Moses was in the Mount, it was broken.
(Ex. 24:18;32:1-6) TOP
The Ten Commandments as spoken on Mt. Sinai were never made a part
of this Old Covenant. Moses did not receive the Law in writing till
he was in the mount during the 40 days.
(Ex. 24:18; 31:18)
The Sanctuary and its services were received by Moses while in the
Mount. (Ex. 24:18;
-- Developed out of the apostasy at Sinai:
The gravity of the situation was at once perceived by Moses. (Ex.
A temporary tabernacle that served Israel was removed from the camp.
Moses entered into mediation with God.
(Ex. 32:30-32; 33:11-23)
A covenant was entered into between God and Moses standing for the
people. (Ex. 34:10,
27) It was not ratified by blood, except through the
sanctuary services. The knowledge, benefits, and blessings of this
covenant were always through a mediator. (Ex.
-- This was a type covenant, even as the sanctuary and the priesthood
were types. (Heb. 8:13;
The Sabbath and the sanctuary were placed together in commands to
Israel. (Ex. 35:1-5,
New Covenant -- Developed out of the Apostasy of Eden:
1. -- God
gave to Adam and Eve a commanded covenant with no revealed plan for
forgiveness. (Gen. 2:16-17)
This was broken. (Hosea
6:7 margin) Adam hearkened unto another voice, thus with
Eve accepting another god. (Gen. 3:17, 1)
There was an intervention. (Gen. 3:15; Rev. 13:8; Gen. 3:21)
The prophecy of Christ's role in this Covenant is connected with the
experience at Mt. Sinai. (Deut.
Though veiled in flesh - a human voice - nevertheless the voice of
God. That Voice speaks from the glory of the Cross. (I
Cor. 1:18; 22-24) It is no more acceptable today than was
the voice of God from the glory of Sinai to Israel.
The understanding of these covenants is basic to one's understanding
of the analogies used in the book of Hebrews: - the Two Houses
the Two Sanctuaries (Heb.
9); and the Two Priesthoods
For Diagram see
this book CLICK Here: Step2(Part
2 of 3) - Bible Study Guides